Managerial Accounting: E10-7 Dawson Toys, Ltd., produces a toy called the Maze

Managerial Accounting
E10-7
Dawson Toys, Ltd., produces a toy called the Maze. The company has recently established a standard cost system to help control costs and has established the following standards for the Maze toy:
Direct materials: 6 microns per toy at $0.50 per micron
Direct labor: 1.3 hours per toy at $8 per hour

During Jul the company produced 3,000 Maze toys. Production data for the month on the toy follow:
Direct materials: 25,000 microns were purchased at a cost of $0.48 per micron. 5,000 of these microns were still in inventory at the end of the month.
Direct labor: 4,000 direct labor-hours were worked at a cost of $36,000.

Required:
1. Compute the following variances for July:
a. Direct materials price and quantity variances:
b. Direct labor rate and efficiency variances:
2. Prepare a brief explanation of the possible causes of each variance.
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