PSY 203 Entire Course

PSY/203
FOUNDATIONS OF PSYCHOLOGY

 

The Latest Version A+ Study Guide

 

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PSY 203 Entire Course Link

https://uopcourses.com/category/psy-203/

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PSY 203 Week 1 Review Worksheet
Complete the Week 1 Review Worksheet.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment

Week 1 Review Worksheet

 

Matching
Match the following descriptions to the correct perspective:
 

The _______ perspective focuses on how learning experiences affect behavior and focuses on behavior that is observable.


The ______ perspective focuses on the effect of unresolved conflicts from childhood, as well as how those conflicts unconsciously shape behavior.


The ______ perspective focuses on free will, conscious choices, and self-awareness, and views humans as distinct individuals with unique characteristics.


The ______ perspective examines the mental processes used to obtain knowledge and focuses on how information is processed, stored, retrieved, and manipulated.


The ______ perspective focuses on how factors like age, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, and income level influence behavior, attitudes, and mental processes.

 

 

 

Sociocultural

Behavioral

Cognitive

Humanistic

Psychodynamic

True or False
 

Answer the following questions as either true or false.

 

The pancreas creates insulin and regulates blood sugar levels.


The pituitary gland does not release any hormones.


The frontal lobe helps the body cope with stress and promotes muscle development.


Cortical steroids are released by the adrenal glands.


The somatosensory cortex controls motor responses and higher mental functions.


Growth hormone, ACTH, and oxytocin are all released from the same area of the body.


Another name for epinephrine is adrenaline.


The frontal lobe releases norepinephrine that speeds up bodily processes such as heart rate and breathing rate.

 

 

Multiple Choice
 

Select the correct answer for each question.

 

I think I see Bob approaching me from a distance, but as the man gets closer to me, I realize it is not Bob.

Perception: top-down processing

Perception: selective attention

Perception: closure

Sensation: sight or vision


While studying for a test at the library, I hear other people talking and laughing; however, I am able to block out the noise and concentrate on reading my textbook.

Perception: closure

Perception: top-down processing

Sensation: hearing

Perception: selective attention


When I look at a white piece of paper, I can still recognize it as white whether I am outside in bright sunlight or sitting in a dark room.

Sensation: skin senses

Perception: constancy

Perception: connectedness

Perception: closure


I notice my mom is baking bread as I walk into the house to greet her.

Perception: closure

Sensation: sight

Sensation: smell

Sensation: warmth


When I wash my hands, I notice the water feels hot.

Kinesthetic

Vestibular

Perception: constancy

Sensation: skin senses


When I had an infected tooth extracted, the tooth separated from the gums.

Perception: connectedness

Sensation: pressure

Sensation: hearing

Perception: top-down processing


I am able to type this sentence without looking at the keyboard on my computer.

Vestibular

Kinesthetic

Sensation: sight

Perception: selective attention


I experience motion sickness whenever I ride in a boat.

Vestibular

Kinesthetic

Sensation: smell

Sensation: top-down processing

 
Essay
 

Read the following scenarios. 

Write a 90- to 175-word response to the following questions associated with each scenario. Ensure what you are describing is a research method and not a research design.

 

A psychologist is interested in learning more about how children interact with each other during the school day. The psychologist is particularly interested in discovering the ways in which children behave when they think they are not being watched. What research method would be best used to conduct this type of research? Why? What ethical concerns might be an issue in this type of research?

 

 

 

As a researcher, I am interested in learning whether there is a connection between sleep and test scores. For example, I want to know if an increase in sleep improves test scores. What type of research method would I use? Why? What ethical concerns might present an issue when conducting this type of research?

 

 

 

If I want to research whether a new medication has an effect on depression, and I want to compare the medication against a placebo, what research method might I use? Why? What ethical concerns might be an issue in this type of research?

 

 

A researcher gathers information for a study from a popular social media network, but does not ask the participants for their consent to use their information. What are the ramifications of this action? Is it illegal if the information is public? Would an individual whose information was used have recourse if their information was published without their knowledge and consent? Explain.

 




PSY 203 Week 2 Review Worksheet
Complete the Week 2 Review Worksheet.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

Week 2 Review Worksheet

 

The Process of Memory
View the following diagram outlining the process of memory, with some processes removed. Using the provided terms, match the letter attached to each term with the corresponding definition.

 

a. Chunking

b. Maintenance Rehersal

c. Consolidation

d. Short-Term Memory

e. Elaborative Rehearsal

f. Sensory Registers

g. Encoding

h. Long-Term Memory

 

 

Hold information as either icon or echo   

Transforming information into a storable form   

Sub-system that retains and processes new information for a short period of time   

The process of transforming short-term memories into long-term memories   

Sub-system that retains information for long periods of time   

The process of breaking down information into smaller pieces   

The process of repeating information to enhance retention   

The process of assigning meaning to information to transfer to long-term memory   

Short Answer
Kara is 10 years old. She has been given an intelligence test. Her mental age is 13. According to Stern, what is her IQ? Conduct research to interpret her score.

 

 

Select two theories of intelligence, and write a 175- to 260-word discussion on the components of each theory, as well as how they differ in relation to Spearman’s g. Which theory do you find most agreeable? Why?

 

Learning and Intelligence
 

Write a 90- to 175-word response to each of the following questions.

 

Describe the main components of classical conditioning.




Describe the main components of operant conditioning.




Describe the different types of long-term memories.




Describe the main theories of intelligence.

 


Briefly research the open science movement. Describe why it is important, especially in scientific research, and how students and consumers are affected by the current way science research is published and shared.


 

PSY 203 Week 3 Review Worksheet
Complete the Week 3 Review Worksheet.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

Week 3 Review Worksheet

 

Multiple Choice
Angelica wants to win the beauty contest because she wants the trophy and the recognition. She is ______________ motivated.

intrinsically

avoidance

extrinsically

situationally

 

Maslow believed all human beings strive to become ______________.

great people

self-actualized

goal oriented

achievement oriented

 

_____________________ theory postulates bodily reactions occur before emotions, and _____________________ theory postulates both bodily reactions and emotions occur at the same time.

Cannon–Bard theory; James–Lange theory

James–Lange theory; Two factor theory

James–Lange theory; Cannon–Bard theory

Emotional intelligence; Dual Pathway Model of Fear

 

______________________ is the ability to manage emotions effectively in a variety of situations.

Emotional intelligence

Emotional resilience

Emotional stability

Mental toughness

 

___________________ believed the process in which we handle specific psychosocial crises shapes the development of our personality throughout life.

Sigmund Freud

Erik Erickson

Jean Piaget

Albert Bandura

 

Children tend to view the world based on their personal perspectives. The term for this is

centration

egocentrism

ego identity

narcissism

 

_____________ developed theories on human development by observing his own children interact with the world.

Jean Piaget

Albert Bandera

Erik Erikson

Lev Vygotsky

 

______________ theorized children learn through the process of interacting with different types of people throughout culture and in their daily lives.

Jean Piaget

Albert Bandera

Erik Erikson

Lev Vygotsky

 

Erikson believed one of the biggest challenges people face in late adulthood is their ability to maintain their ______________ as they approach the end of their life.

sense of self

ego identity

ego integrity

self-efficacy

 

According to Erikson’s psychosocial development theory, what is the life crisis stage when people develop close relations with others?

Identity versus role diffusion

Intimacy versus isolation

Generativity versus stagnation

Integrity versus despair

 

Fill in the Blank
_________________ A state of deprivation or deficiency


_________________ A state of bodily tension, such as hunger or thirst


_________________ Rewards or other stimuli that motivate us to do something


_________________ The motive or desire to become successful


_________________ The desire to earn wealth or the respect of others


_________________ Achieving self-satisfaction by completing a particular goal


_________________ Feeling states that psychologists view as having cognitive, physiological, and behavioral components


_________________ The belief that emotions occur after people become aware of the physiological responses to triggering stimuli


_________________ The belief that emotional and physiological responses occur simultaneously


_________________ A mental framework for understanding or acting on the environment


_________________ The process of adjustment that enables people to function more effectively in meeting the demands they face in different environments


_________________ The process of incorporating new objects or situations into existing schemas


_________________ The process of creating new schemas or modify existing ones to account for new objects and experiences


_________________ The recognition that objects continue to exist, even if they disappear from view


_________________  The tendency to see the world from one’s own perspective


_________________ The attainment of a psychological sense of knowing oneself and one’s direction in life


_________________ A stressful period of self-evaluation on issues relating to personal values and one’s direction in life


_________________ Theorist focused on the social relationships humans have throughout life


_________________ Theorist who developed theories on human development by observing his own children interact with the world


_________________ Theorist who developed a stage theory on how moral decision-making changes throughout one’s lifespan

 

Short-Answer
Answer the following questions in at least 90 words each.

 

Describe Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development from childhood to adulthood.



 

Describe Piaget’s stages of cognitive development.



 

Describe Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.



 

Contrast the major theories of emotions.



 

Describe why it is important for employers to understand the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.



 

Describe why emotional intelligence would be a good trait for a customer service employee to possess.


 
PSY 203 Week 3 Developmental Stages Brochure
Choose one of the following developmental stage:

· Infancy and childhood

· Adolescence

· Early and middle adulthood

· Late adulthood

Develop a 6-panel brochure describing the physical, psychosocial, cognitive, and moral stages of development experienced within your assigned life stage.

Note: Some areas may not be applicable, based on the life stage.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

 
 
 

PSY 203 Week 4 Review Worksheet
Complete the Week 4 Review Worksheet.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment

Week 4 Review Worksheet

 

Psychodynamic Theories
 

Complete the following table.

 

Theorist
Main tenets of theory
Unique contributions
Limitations and criticisms
Freud
 
 
 
Jung
 
 
 
Adler
 
 
 
Horney
 
 
 
Defense Mechanisms
Match the example with the appropriate defense mechanism.

 

______A woman is involved in a car accident that left her paralyzed from the waist down, but she cannot remember any details of the accident.

______Taking a test makes me nervous, so I bite my nails.

______My boss yelled at me at work today, and it made me very upset. I went home and ended up yelling at my spouse that night.

______Even though I drink alcohol every day, I am not an alcoholic.

______I hate Alex, but I am overly nice and friendly when interacting with him at work.

______I broke up with my boyfriend, but I am fine with it because he was a loser anyway.

______I am convinced my husband is cheating on me, even though I am the one who frequently thinks about cheating on him.

______I am very frustrated at work and just want to scream, but instead I go to the gym and work out my frustration on the treadmill.

 

 

Displacement

Rationalization

Repression

Sublimation

Projection

Denial

Regression

Reaction formation

Psychosexual Stages of Development
Fill in the appropriate psychosexual stage for the following descriptions.

 

The _______ stage focuses on mature sexual relationships.

A third grader still sucks their thumb. They may have a(n) _______ fixation.

An adult who exhibits a lack of self-discipline and messiness may have struggled with toilet training. This person may have experienced difficulty in the _______ stage

A child tends to prefer the parent of the opposite sex and views the same-sex parent as a threat. This conflict occurs in the _______ stage

Children tend to focus on peer relationships with same sex-friends and other nonsexual activities. This behavior occurs in the _______ stage.

 

Stress and Coping
Consider the following scenario:

 

You have unexpectedly lost your job due to layoffs at your company and are the sole provider for your family. You are worried about how you will pay your bills and support your family during this time.

 

Write 175 to 260 words analyzing how stress can affect you physically and mentally, and identify which coping strategies you may use to work through this situation.

 

Describe three effective stress-management techniques.

 

Personality Testing
 

Write 175 to 260 words describing the main aspects of personality testing.

 

 

 
PSY 203 Week 4 Personality Perspectives Paper
Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper comparing the main themes of the social-cognitive perspective with the humanistic perspective.

· Describe the main concepts involved in each perspective.

· Explain how the perspectives differ from one another.

· Identify possible limitations of each perspective.

Include a minimum of 2 peer-reviewed articles.

Format citations in your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

 
 
 

PSY 203 Week 5 Review Worksheet
Complete the Week 5 Review Worksheet.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

Week 5 Review Worksheet

 

Answer the following questions in 90 to 175 words each.

Select two categories of psychological disorders, and outline the main symptoms associated with each disorder.




Choose and describe two treatment options for psychological disorders.




What are the components of social perceptions? How do they affect human behavior?




What are some effects of group influences on human behavior, especially in the workplace?




Describe organizational culture. Why is understanding this important when managing complex organizational problems, including group performance and high-level decision making?




 
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