The process for screening biased jurors from the jury pool is called ....

1. The process for screening biased jurors from the jury pool is called

A. venire.

B. sequestration.

C. voir dire.

D. true bill. 2. The philosophy of _______ justifies punishment as a way to discourage future crimes.

A. retribution

B. just deserts

C. revenge

D. deterrence 3. Since 1973, what percentage of death row inmates have had their convictions or sentences reversed?

A. 36 percent

B. 25 percent

C. 15 percent

D. 50 percent 4. Which of the following is true about active drug court participants?

A. They are more likely to relapse to drug use, and when they do relapse, they use drugs significantly more often than they did

before participating in the program.

B. They are more likely to reap psychosocial benefits not related to drug use or criminal behavior, such as less family conflict and

being enrolled in school.

C. They are more likely to commit self-acknowledged criminal acts.

D. They are more likely to be rearrested after completing the program. 5. In which of the following landmark cases did the Supreme Court set aside death sentences?

A. Roper v. Simmons

B. Powell v. Alabama

C. Gregg v. Georgia

D. Furman v. Georgia 6. Most state supreme courts are made up of _______ judges.

A. seven

B. twelve

C. nine

D. eleven 7. If prosecution fails to meet its burden of proof, then defense counsel can ask for a/an

A. appeal.

B. concurrence.

C. new trial.

D. directed verdict. 8. The primary purpose of establishing a state oversight body for the indigent defense system is to

A. expedite visits to clients in jail.

B. enter into more plea bargains for clients so as to avoid the costs of trial.

C. ensure independence of the legal process both politically and judicially.

D. maximize efficient use of funding. 9. In which of the following cases did the Supreme Court in 2002 rule that jurors and not judges must

determine whether death is the appropriate penalty in a capital case?

A. Ring v. Arizona

B. Gregg v. Georgia

C. Atkins v. Virginia

D. Furman v. Georgia 10. Which of the following methods was used by the most states in the selection of their general jurisdiction

court judges in 2012?

A. Nonpartisan election

B. Gubernatorial appointment

C. Partisan election

D. Merit selection 11. The rules of discovery that apply to criminal cases require that

A. incriminating evidence must be provided by the defense to the prosecutor.

B. the defense attorney must never provide any information to the prosecutor.

C. the work product of the prosecutor must be provided to the defense.

D. exculpatory evidence must be provided by the prosecutor to the defense attorney. 12. In sentencing, what is dead time?

A. The time of execution

B. Jail time not deducted from the sentence

C. The time between conviction and sentencing

D. The time between sentencing and execution 13. How many circuit courts of appeals are there in the federal court system?

A. 12

B. 9

C. 13

D. 10 14. Name the process in which the suspects' names, charges, fingerprints, and photographs are entered in

police records.

A. Preliminary hearing

B. Arraignment

C. Information

D. Booking 15. Governments at the _______ level provide the bulk of the funding for indigent defense systems.

A. state

B. city

C. county

D. federal 16. In a/an _______ system the judge questions the witnesses at trial.

A. expedited

B. adversarial

C. inquisitorial

D. informal 17. _______ is the type of bail in which the defendant deposits a percentage of the bail amount, typically

10 percent, with the court.

A. Bail bonding

B. Capias

C. Release on recognizance

D. Pretrial release 18. The Supreme Court has ruled that anyone arrested without a warrant may be held no longer than

_______ hours before a judge decides whether the arrest was justified.

A. 12

B. 36

C. 48

D. 24 19. Cases decided by which of the following courts would not be appealed to the Court of Appeals for the

Federal Circuit?

A. U.S. Claims CourtEnd of exam

B. U.S. Court of Veterans' Appeals

C. U.S. Tax Court

D. U.S. Court of International Trade 20. On the state level, which courts are the most numerous?

A. Trial courts of general jurisdiction

B. Domestic violence courts

C. Trial courts of limited jurisdiction

D. Drug courts
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