Exam: 007135RR - An Uncertain Horizon

Exam: 007135RR - An Uncertain Horizon

Exam: 007135RR - An Uncertain Horizon
 
1. Zbigniew Brzezinski, the national security advisor in the 1970s,
A. tried to reverse the policy of détente.
B. supported the SALT II treaty.
C. was against cooperation with China.
D. believed replacing the Minute Man missles with MX missiles was wasteful.
 
2. Which of the following was the primary cause of the Balkan Wars conducted during the Clinton
administration?
A. The UN peacekeepers' inability to stem ethnic cleansing
B. Muslim activism in Bosnia
C. The rise to power of Slobodan Milosevic in Serbia
D. The breakup of the former state of Yugoslavia
 
3. Which of the following statements is true regarding the Korean War?
A. The Chinese armed and trained the North Korean army.
B. Stalin approved the North Korean attack in advance.
C. Stalin was outraged by the North Korean attack on South Korea.
D. Both Stalin and Mao expected the American response to the invasion.
 
4. The 1978 Supreme Court decision in Bakke v. Regents of the University of California
A. ruled against the principle of affirmative action.
B. established the "red state-blue state" divide.
C. ruled in favor of affirmative action within specified limits.
D. established the rights of students to appeal college admissions policies.
 
5. Which of the following was true of Nixon's presidency?
A. It oversaw the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency.
B. It tried to overthrow Johnson's Great Society agenda.
C. It resisted affirmative-action legislation.
D. It shifted responsibility for welfare programs from the states to the federal government.
 
6. After Hitler came to power in 1933, he blamed Germany's defeat in World War I on
A. Communists and Socialists.
B. Jews and Gypsies.
C. Jews and Communists.
D. Communists and American imperialists.
 
7. Which of the following statements is true of the Gulf of Tonkin affair?
A. The destroyer Maddox was sunk by North Vietnamese gunboats.
B. Congress was divided and only reluctantly passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.
C. Johnson told Congress to pass the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution to let him expand the war.
D. Johnson ordered air strikes after the attack.
 
8. Under Franklin Roosevelt's Good Neighbor policy,
A. the Platt Amendment was rescinded.
B. American commerce with Latin America increased, but only slightly.
C. Cordell Hull favored continued military interventions in Latin America.
D. the collective security among the nations of the Western Hemisphere declined.
 
9. Following on the successful activism of Cesar Chavez, Mexican American youths began to refer to
themselves as
A. Los Barrios.
B. Mexicans.
C. Los Hombres.
D. Chicanos.
 
10. Which of the following is true of the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education of
Topeka?
A. It ruled that segregation should proceed with "all deliberate speed."
B. It declared that segregated schools were inherently separate and unequal.
C. It ruled that desegregation was a state issue, but that segregation was a federal issue.
D. It established that all citizens should have access to public education.
 
11. Which of the following is true of President G. W. Bush?
A. He vowed to punish all countries sponsoring terrorism.
B. He rejected unilateralism.
C. He accepted the United States' role in the International Criminal Court.
D. He reluctantly endorsed the Kyoto Protocol.
 
12. John F. Kennedy replaced Eisenhower's concept of massive retaliation with a _______ response
strategy.
A. massive
B. focused
C. flexible
D. limited
 
13. Which of the following was Eisenhower's most significant legislative achievement?
A. Increasing the minimum wage
B. The Highway Act of 1956
C. The establishment of modern Republicanism
D. The extension of Social Security benefits
 
14. The majority of states that did not ratify the Equal Rights Amendment were located in the
A. Midwest.
B. West.
C. Northeast.
D. Southeast.
 
15. After 1965, black civil rights leaders found it difficult to
A. enforce the new laws in the South.
B. protest the Vietnam War.
C. achieve economic equality in the North.
D. now support Hispanic rights in the United States.
 
16. During World War II, the tide turned in favor of the United States at the Battle of
A. Leyte Gulf.
B. Midway.
C. the Coral Sea.
D. Okinawa.
 
17. During Lyndon Johnson's presidency, which of the following legislative or executive measures banned literacy tests?
A. The Medicare Act
B. The Voting Rights Acts of 1965
C. The establishment of the Office of Economic Opportunity
D. The Civil Rights Act of 1964
 
18. In a free election in 1989, Lech Walesa came to power in
A. East Germany.
B. Hungary.
C. Poland.
D. Romania.
 
19. The political purpose of the Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 was to
A. implement NSC-68.
B. impose regulations on the steel industry.
C. roll back the provisions of the Wagner Act.
D. strengthen the Wagner Act.
 
20. Which of the following is true of the Truman Doctrine?
A. It amounted to an informal declaration of Cold War.
B. It established the Marshall Plan.
C. It created the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
D. It ended the policy of containment.
 
Exam: 007134RR - Imperialism and the Progressive Era
 
1. Which of the following groups benefitted the least from the prosperity of the second industrial
revolution?
A. Factory workers
B. Railroad workers
C. Farmers
D. Textile workers
 
2. As its intellectual voice, ______ became the leader of the Harlem Renaissance.
A. H. L. Mencken
B. W. E. B. Du Bois
C. F. Scott Fitzgerald
D. Claude McKay
 
3. The last of Wilson's Fourteen Points called for
A. the creation of a League of Nations.
B. heavy reparations to be assessed against Germany.
C. Belgian neutrality.
D. the establishment of an independent Poland.
 
4. After the Spanish-American War, the _______ reserved the right of the United States to intervene in
Cuba's internal affairs.
A. Caribbean Accord
B. Open Door policy
C. Platt Amendment
D. Foraker Act
 
5. In 1893, the Cleveland administration's repeal of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act
A. had no long-term possibility of reviving the depressed economy.
B. caused the value of currency to contract.
C. brought immediate relief to people suffering under the 1893 depression.
D. empowered conservative Democrats.
 
6. In the election of 1912, Teddy Roosevelt's Bull Moose Party platform was built around what he called the
A. Square Deal.
B. Fair Deal.
C. New Freedom.
D. New Nationalism.
 
7. _______ pioneered the field of corporate public relations.
A. Margaret Robins
B. Henry Ford
C. Samuel Gompers
D. Ivy. L. Lee
 
8. As passed by the Congress after McKinley delivered his war message to Congress, the declaration of war against Spain was modified by the Teller Amendment, which stipulated that
A. the United States wouldn't annex Cuba.
B. the United States reserved the right to annex Cuba.
C. Spain must abandon all claims to territories in the Western Hemisphere.
D. trade with Spain would continue as usual.
 
9. After the election of 1890, organized groups supporting farmers called for the formation of a third party that became generally known as the _______ Party.
A. Ocala
B. Socialist
C. Populist
D. American
 
10. Believing that truth is what works for actual real people, Harvard psychologist William James
developed the philosophy of
A. social progressivism.
B. radical progressivism.
C. pragmatism.
D. social idealism.
 
11. Among the legislative acts passed during Franklin Roosevelt’s first term as president, which one gave relief to artists, actors, and writers?
A. Works Progress Administration
B. National Recovery Administration
C. Civilian Conservation Corps
D. Tennessee Valley Authority
 
12. Which of the following statements is most accurate regarding America's political climate between 1876 and 1896?
A. Southern states tended to vote Republican.
B. The influence of the president over Congress diminished.
C. Little political power or influence was left to the states.
D. The party that won the presidential election also controlled Congress.
 
13. Passed in 1935, Roosevelt's most significant reform measure was the
A. Fair Labor Standards Act.
B. Social Security Act.
C. Wagner Act.
D. National Labor Relations Board.
 
14. During the Great War, the Food Administration was headed by
A. Herbert Hoover.
B. Samuel Gompers.
C. Felix Frankfurter.
D. Bernard Baruch.
 
15. The presidential election of 1928 pitted Al Smith of New York against
A. John W. Davis.
B. Herbert Hoover.
C. Theodore Roosevelt.
D. Bob La Follette.
 
16. The _______ demanded that Latin American countries keep their financial affairs on order or risk
intervention by the United States.
A. Knox Policy
B. Monroe Doctrine
C. Roosevelt Corollary
D. Good Neighbor Policy
 
17. The ___________ expressed the darkest and most ominous aspect of the rural counterattack of the early 1900s.
A. Red Scare
B. Palmer raids
C. Prohibition movement
D. Ku Klux Klan
 
18. Which of the following was true of Secretary of State William Henry Seward?
A. He negotiated the purchase of Alaska from Canada.
B. He annexed the Midway Islands.
C. He was successful in negotiating a trade deal with the Kingdom of Hawaii.
D. He opposed American imperial expansion.
 
19. In 1916, Woodrow Wilson ordered General John J. Pershing to lead U.S. troops into Mexico to capture
A. Francisco Madero.
B. Porfirio Diaz.
C. Pancho Villa.
D. Victoriana Huerta.
 
20. Theodore Roosevelt's first major trust-busting victory resulted from a suit brought against
A. the American Tobacco Company.
B. the DuPont Corporation.
C. Standard Oil.
D. the Northern Securities Company.
 

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