SCI220 Week 3 WileyPLUS® Week 3 Quiz

**********************************************
SCI 220 Entire Course Link
https://uopcourses.com/category/sci-220/
**********************************************
SCI220 Week
3 WileyPLUS® Week 3 Quiz


Question
1

When vitamin A is deficient:










Question 2











Your answer is
correct.



Which food is an excellent source of vitamin E?











Whole-wheat bread



 






Oranges



 






 


Sunflower seeds



 






Cheddar cheese











 

Question
3

Which of the following organizations is responsible for ensuring
their supplements are safe?













The Food and Drug Administration (FDA)








 







The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)








 







The manufacturer of the supplement








 







The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)





 


 

Question 4











Your answer is
correct.



Identify the foods that would best meet the vitamin
needs identified for bone health:











 


Peaches, spinach,
milk and tomatoes



 






Whole grain
bread, brown rice, milk and tomatoes



 






Whole grain
cereal, corn oil, rye flour and peaches



 






Peaches,
tomatoes, cantaloupe and apricots



















 




Question 5











Your answer is
correct.



Sailors of the 18th century would often
be at sea for months living on dried bread and meats, water and cheese. After
approximately three months on this diet, some sailors would exhibit symptoms
of irritability, achy joints and bleeding gums/loose teeth. These symptoms
can be explained by:











Their diet lacked
enough protein to make collagen



 






Their diet lacked
the Vitamin B6 so necessary to make non-essential
amino acids



 






Their diets
lacked Vitamin B1, so they had impaired energy production



 






 


Their diets
lacked the Vitamin C necessary for collagen tissue formation and repair











 




Question 6











Your answer is
correct.



Which of the following is NOT a fat soluble vitamin?











vitamin A



 






 


vitamin C



 






vitamin D



 






vitamin E











 






Question 7











Your answer is
correct.



In order to reduce the risk of neural tube defects in
the fetus, the most important time for a woman to consume adequate amounts of
folate is:











 


shortly before,
and early in her pregnancy.



 






between the third
and sixth months of pregnancy.



 






during the
seventh and eighth months of pregnancy.



 






shortly before
giving birth.











 




Question 8











Your answer is
correct.



Vitamin D is called the sunshine vitamin because:











it calms our
nerves.



 






we must get it in
our diet from plant foods that grow in the sun.



 






 


it can be made in
the skin by exposure to UV light.



 






it is used to
make serotonin, a neurotransmitter that enhances feelings of happiness.











 




Question 9











Your answer is
correct.



Which of the following is/are antioxidants?











Vitamin C.



 






Vitamin E.



 






Selenium.



 






All of these
nutrients serve as antioxidants.











 




Question 10











Your answer is
correct.



An antioxidant is a substance that protects against
oxidative damage.











True



 






False











 




Question 11











Your answer is
correct.



When a person has not consumed enough water, blood
volume _____ and solute concentration in the blood ______.











increases;
increases



 






decreases; increases



 






decreases;
decreases



 






decreases; stays
the same











 




Question 12











Your answer is
correct.



All of the following are functions of water EXCEPT:











it regulates acid
base balance.



 






it helps
regulates body temperature.



 






it lubricates
eyes and joints.



 






it acts as a
hormone.











 

Question 13












Your answer is
correct.




All of the following are correct
statements about mineral bioavailability EXCEPT:













The body’s need for
a mineral may affect its absorption.




 







The presence of one
mineral may affect the absorption of another.




 







The minerals in
plant foods are better absorbed than the minerals in animal foods.




 







Pregnancy can
affect the absorption of certain minerals.

 


 



Question
14











Your answer is
correct.



An older woman is gardening in the direct sun for three
hours without any rest. She suddenly feels weak and dizzy before she faints.
She is taken to an emergency room where the doctor suspects she is suffering
from dehydration. This is a common problem in older people because:











They have a
larger body mass, which makes them more likely to become thirsty



 






They have a
greater body surface area, which makes them more likely to become thirsty



 






They have
enhanced kidney function, with causes them to increase water reabsorption



 






They have a
reduced sensitivity to their thirst mechanism



















 






Question
15











Your answer is
correct.



A diet rich in fresh fruit, vegetables, nuts, and whole
grains is most likely to result in:











A population with
low rates of clinical hypotension



 






A population with
low rates of clinical hypertension



 






A population that
has similar rates of hypertension to individuals eating a meat based diet



 






A population that
has similar rates of hypertension to individuals eating the typical
American diet











 




Question 16











Your answer is
correct.



The following substances are all normally eliminated by
the kidney as waste products EXCEPT:











urea



 






glucose



 






sodium



 






ketones











 

Question 17












Your answer is
correct.




Eating a salty meal:













Decreases your
blood sodium concentration




 







Makes you less
thirsty




 







Causes temporary
weight gain due to intake of more fluids




 







Has no effect on
the body




Question 18












Your answer is
correct.




Fluoride protects the teeth













Because it is a
natural component of water




 







Because it helps
makes tooth enamel more resistant to acids




 







Because it serves
as a buffer from acids that are released from bacteria in the mouth




 







It forms a film on teeth
that prevent food sticking to teeth




Question
19

When intracellular concentrations of protein and sodium are high,
you would expect that water is drawn into the













blood capillaries








 







cells








 







extracellular fluid








 







red blood cells





 


 

Question 20











Your answer is
correct.



Diets that are high in ____ are associated with an
increased incidence of hypertension.











calcium



 






magnesium



 






sodium



 






sugar









Powered by