SCI 220 Week 5 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam

SCI 220 Week 5 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam

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 SCI 220 Week 5 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam
 

In this graded assignment, you are assessed on the content covered in this weeks’ readings, activities, and assignments. To help you prepare, it is recommended that you first complete this week’s Learning Path and Self-Test Learning Activities prior to completing this exam.

Click on the Assignments link in WileyPLUS to access the Week 5 Exam.

Complete the Week 5 Exam covering this week’s assigned readings listed below:

 

 

 

Ch. 11: Nutrition During Pregnancy and Infancy
 

 

Ch. 12: Nutrition from 1 to 100
 

 

Ch. 13: How Safe is our food supply?
 

 

Note. Work submitted in WileyPLUS does not count toward attendance. Be sure to post at least two times each week in the online classrom to avoid being auto-dropped from the course.

 

 

Test Bank, Question 19
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following women has a greater risk of hypertensive disorder during pregnancy?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Susie, a 30 year old Caucasian mother of 2
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Jenni, a 40 year old African American living in poverty
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Staci, a 35 year old Hispanic mother of 1
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Mildred, a Caucasian 20 year old college student
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 29
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

A folate deficiency during pregnancy increases the risk of which of the following?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Low-birth-weight infants
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Megablastic or macrocytic anemia
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Neural tube defects, such as spina bifida
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
All of these are associated with folate deficiency during pregnancy
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 28
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

_______ is needed for the synthesis of DNA and hence for cell division.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Calcium
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Folate
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Vitamin D
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Zinc
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 45
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following foods is most commonly associated with mercury contamination?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Citrus fruits
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Fish
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Nuts
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Tofu
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 7
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

A women who gains excess weight during her pregnancy increases risk for all of the following EXCEPT an increased risk for the

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
mother developing high blood pressure.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
mother developing gestational diabetes.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
need for cesarean section to delivery infant.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
infant being born with a low birthweight.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 31
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following statements is FALSE?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Many women start pregnancy with diminished iron stores.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The RDA for iron during pregnancy is about 150% of that for nonpregnant women.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The majority of the iron transferred from the mom to the fetus occurs in the last trimester.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Meeting increased iron needs is achieved most easily through the increased consumption of whole-grain products and spinach.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 58
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The growth charts for children assess the status of which of these parameters?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Height, weight, and body fat
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Body fat, head circumference, and weight
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Height, weight, and head circumference
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Body fat, head circumference and weight
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 5
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following statements about the placenta is FALSE?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The placenta formed from both maternal and embryonic tissues.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
For the majority of the pregnancy, the placenta will nourish the fetus.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The placenta nourishes the embryo from fertilization onward.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The placenta secretes hormones that are necessary to sustain the pregnancy.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 12
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following regarding exercise during pregnancy is FALSE?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Pregnancy can interfere with the woman’s balance.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Physical activity during pregnancy can improve digestion and prevent constipation.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Physical activity in hot or humid environments is allowed during the entire pregnancy.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Women who weren’t active before the pregnancy should slowly add low-intensity, low-impact activities.
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 17
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

What percent of children are considered obese?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
1%
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
5%
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
17%
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
23%
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 59
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Deficiency of _____ is of particular concern with chronic alcohol consumption.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
folate
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
thiamin
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
niacin
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
vitamin B6
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 10
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Children need small, nutrient-dense meals and snacks because they

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
have a short attention span.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
have small stomachs and high nutrient needs.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
need to expend more calories in playtime.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
none of these are plausible reasons.
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 35
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Binge drinking is defined as _____ or more drinks at one time for men and _____ or more drinks at one time for women.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
2, 1
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
3, 2
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
4, 3
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
5, 4
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 11
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following statements about feeding children is FALSE?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Children who eat breakfast are more likely to meet their daily nutrient needs than those who don’t.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Mealtimes should be at a consistent time every day.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Children eat more when they eat alone.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Food should not be used as a reward or punishment.
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 13
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Those children who participate in the National School Lunch Program consume ______ vegetables and ______ milk than nonparticipants.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
less, less
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
less, more
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
more, less
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
more, more
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 33
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following would be the healthiest alternative to French fries if you were eating at a fast-food restaurant?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Baked potato with low-fat sour cream
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Breaded chicken sandwich
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Deep-fried mozzarella sticks
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Double cheeseburger
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 54
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following statements about alcohol metabolism is FALSE?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Alcohol dehydrogenase is an enzyme that breaks down alcohol.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Alcohol increases fluid excretion from the kidneys.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
If you drink alcohol frequently, your body becomes more efficient at breaking the alcohol down.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The main organs that break down alcohol are the kidneys.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 28
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Pregnant women are at particular risk for _____ infections.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Camylobacter jejuni
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Clostridium perfringens
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Listeria
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Salmonella
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 31
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is an anaerobic bacteria, and thus is called the “cafeteria germ”?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Campylobacter jejuni
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Clostridium botulinum
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Clostridium perfringens
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Salmonella
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 62
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following statements is FALSE about why food irradiation is infrequently used in the United States?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Lack of facilities to irradiate food
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Public suspicion of this technology to keep food safe
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The food becomes radioactive and thus harmful to health
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
All of these statements are true
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 8
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The _____ ensures the safety and quality of foods sold across state lines with the exception of red meat, poultry, and egg products.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Environmental Protection Agency
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Food and Drug Administration
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
United States Department of Agriculture
 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 16
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Cooking turkey to an internal temperature of 165 degree Fahrenheit is an example of which step in the HACCP system?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Conduct a hazard analysis
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Identify the critical control points
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Establish critical limits
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Establish monitoring procedure
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 58
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

All of the following are preservation techniques that kill microbes EXCEPT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
canning.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
cooking.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
freezing.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
pasteurization.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 7
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following individuals is least likely to experience food-borne illness?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Aimee, a 20 year old pregnant nurse
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Chad, a 40 year old male with HIV
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Tom, an 80 year old male on chemotherapy
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Rachel, a 40 year old non-pregnant, non-lactating female
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 14
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

HACCP is designed to

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
alert the public to prevent further food borne illness when it has occurred.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
catch contamination after it has occurred.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
clean up contamination after it has occurred.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
prevent contamination.
 

 

 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 59

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

This graph charts the growth rate of the infant. Which of the following is the correct interpretation of the information provided in this graph?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The infant’s birth weight is much higher than the general population.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The infant had weight gain that was much greater than expected from 15 to 18 months of age.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The infant’s birth weight is lower than the general population and has remained at this percentile into childhood.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
This infant experienced catch-up growth between 3 and 6 months of age.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Newborn infants are given a shot of ____ at birth to prevent uncontrolled bleeding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
calcium
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
iron
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
vitamin D
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
vitamin K
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 78

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

At what point are infants ready for solid or semi-solid foods?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
2 months of age
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
4-6 months of age
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Infants can eat solid food immediately after being born
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
1 year of age
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

As a general rule of thumb, an infant should ______ her birthweight by her first birthday.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
double
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
triple
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
quadruple
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Weight gain in infancy is not compared to birthweight
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following foods is most commonly associated with mercury contamination?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Citrus fruits
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Fish
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Nuts
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Tofu
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 49

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is NOT characteristic of cocaine’s effects during pregnancy?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
It is a central nervous system stimulant.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Use by the mother during pregnancy increases her risk for a miscarriage.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
It is a large molecule; therefore, it does not cross the placenta and enter fetal blood.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Many of its effects during pregnancy occur because it constricts blood vessels, thereby reducing oxygen and nutrient delivery to the fetus.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following women has a greater risk of hypertensive disorder during pregnancy?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Susie, a 30 year old Caucasian mother of 2
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Jenni, a 40 year old African American living in poverty
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Staci, a 35 year old Hispanic mother of 1
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Mildred, a Caucasian 20 year old college student
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 37

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Because the majority of cell differentiation occurs during the ____ phase, this is the time when exposure to teratogens can do the most damage.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
embryonic
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
fetal
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
implantation
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
zygote
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following statements is FALSE?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Many women start pregnancy with diminished iron stores.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The RDA for iron during pregnancy is about 150% of that for nonpregnant women.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The majority of the iron transferred from the mom to the fetus occurs in the last trimester.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Meeting increased iron needs is achieved most easily through the increased consumption of whole-grain products and spinach.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 61

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is the only dietary intervention that has been shown to slow aging and extend life?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Consuming 10% of calories from olive oil
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Exercising daily for 60 minutes
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Cutting back on calorie intake
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Eating 5-9 fruits and vegetables daily
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 58

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Type of alcoholic liver disease that is not reversible is

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
alcoholic hepatitis.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
cirrhosis.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
fatty liver.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
None of these are reversible.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

These results most likely came from ____ studies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
animal
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
biochemical
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
clinical trial
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
epidemiological
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The development of kidney failure becomes more prevalent with age; therefore, the amount of _______ in the diet must be reduced.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
alcohol
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
carbohydrate
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
fat
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
protein
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following statements about chronic disease risk is FALSE?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The longer someone has diabetes, the greater their risk of complications that can lead to the need for an amputation.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Elevated blood cholesterol levels during childhood are associated with higher mortality rate from heart disease as an adult.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Children with a blood pressure that is at the high end of normal are more likely to develop hypertension as an adult.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Children who drink high amounts of fruit juice are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes as an adult.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 41

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Older adults should consume a diet that is _______ in protein relative to calories as compared to that of younger adults.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
higher
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
lower
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
similar
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Based on the distribution of beverage intake by weight in U.S. children and teens, which micronutrient intakes have been most impacted by these beverage choices?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Calcium and phosphorus
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Calcium and niacin
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Potassium and sodium
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Zinc and iodine
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The primary mechanism by which moderate consumption of alcohol lowers cardiovascular disease risk is that it

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
decreases triglyceride level in the blood.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
decreases blood pressure.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
increases cholesterol clearance from the digestive tract.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
increases HDL.
 

 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following is an anaerobic bacteria, and thus is called the “cafeteria germ”?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Campylobacter jejuni
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Clostridium botulinum
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Clostridium perfringens
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Salmonella
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 53

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The _____ method of pest control combines chemical and non-chemical methods and emphasizes the use of natural toxins.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Environmental safety health hazard plan
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Insect tolerance application process
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Integrated pest management
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Pesticide residue tolerance control
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

This graph shows pesticide contents found among samples of domestically-produced food versus imported food. Review the graph, and then select that statement that is FALSE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The majority of domestic and imported foods contain no pesticide residues.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Pesticide residues exceeding tolerance limits are a greater issue for domestic rather than imported foods.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
More domestic than imported foods contain pesticide residues.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
All of these statements are false statements.
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The _____ ensures the safety and quality of foods sold across state lines with the exception of red meat, poultry, and egg products.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Environmental Protection Agency
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Food and Drug Administration
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
United States Department of Agriculture
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

The _______ step in the HACCP program enables the manufacturer to trace the source of the problem in the event of a food-borne illness outbreak.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Identify the critical control points
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Establish critical limits
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Establish monitoring procedure
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Record keeping
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 80

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Which of the following federal agencies does NOT work to ensure the safety of the GM plants and foods?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
CDC
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
EPA
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
FDA
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
USDA
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 73

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Genetic engineering has sped up the process of improving the traits of organisms. Which of the following describes the process of engineering a genetically modified plant?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Desired gene is identified and “cut out” of plant → DNA is integrated into chromosomes → modified plant cells are placed into cell culture
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Modified plant cells are placed into cell culture → desired gene is identified and “cut out” of plant → DNA is integrated into chromosomes
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
DNA is integrated into chromosomes → modified plant cells are placed into cell culture → desired gene is identified and “cut out” of plant
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Desired gene is identified and “cut out” of plant → modified plant cells are placed into cell culture → DNA is integrated into chromosomes
 

 

 

Test Bank, Question 39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Your answer is correct.
 
 
 

Trichinella spriralis and Cryptosporidium parvum are

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
bacteria.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
fungi.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
mold.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
parasites.
 

 
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