Chapters 5 & 6 of Critical Thinking cover fallacies and rhetoric. According to the text, what are two examples of persuasion that are not valid arguments? Why are these invalid arguments? Response 1 Two examples of persuasion that are not valid arguments are argument from pity and argument from envy. These are emotion based fallacies. Argument from pity is when someone feels sorry for another person and because they feel sorry for another person it drives them another position where they wouldn't be if it wasn't for feeling sorry.