SCI 241 Week 9 WileyPLUS® Week 8 & 9 Quiz

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 SCI 241 Week 9 WileyPLUS® Week 8 & 9 Quiz

Question 1

Your answer is correct.

Which of the following is a role of the placenta in embryonic development?

It allows the passage of nutrients from the mother to the fetus.


It allows the passage of waste from the fetus to the mother.


It allows the passage of oxygen from the mother to the fetus.


All of the choices are roles of the placenta.






Question 2

Your answer is correct.

Which nutrient’s needs are increased the most during pregnancy?

Protein


Fiber


Water


Carbohydrate






Question 3

Your answer is correct.

A baby is affected by gestational diabetes in the following ways EXCEPT:

The growing fetus receives more glucose


The growing fetus receives fewer calories


The growing fetus is at risk for a difficulty delivery


The growing fetus is at risk for being large for gestational age






Question 4

Your answer is correct.

The early embryo (before 5 weeks of age) gets nourished by

absorbing nutrients for the bloodstream of the mother (the bloodstream of the embryo mixes with the bloodstream of the mother).


breaking down the lining of the uterus.


transferring of nutrients from the placenta.


none of these.






Question 5

Your answer is correct.

Based on the information presented in this visual, why is a folate deficiency most critical during the embryonic period?

A folate deficiency is most critical during this period because vitamin B12 tends to be low during this time.


A folate deficiency is most critical during this period because iron stores in the mother have been depleted.


A folate deficiency is most critical due to the rapid cell division occurring during this period.


None of these are correct reasons.






Question 6


Which of the following can be found in breast milk but not infant formula?



Vitamin D


Calcium


Antibodies


Iron






Question 7


Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (ARA) are added as supplements to fortify infant formulas. These fatty acids are added because of which potential benefits?



Teeth and skull development


Brain and retina development


Blood cell and immune system development


Heart and cartilage development






Question 8

Your answer is correct.

The recommended distribution range of fat intake is _____ for 1- to 3-year-olds than for adults.

the same


lower


higher


dependent upon whether the child was breastfed or not






Question 9

Your answer is correct.

Candice is trying to eat healthier. Which substitution would be an example of a healthier decision?

Baked potato rather than French fries


Nachos with cheese sauce rather than nachos with bean dip


Meatball sub rather than a turkey sub


Glazed doughnut rather than an English muffin with jam






Question 10

Your answer is correct.

Which of the following statements is correct?

At the end of puberty, teenage boys have a higher lean body mass and greater amount of body fat compared to their pre-pubescent state


At the end of puberty, teenage boys have a lower lean body mass and greater amount of body fat compared to their pre-pubescent state


At the end of puberty, teenage boys have a lower lean body mass and lower amount of body fat compared to their pre-pubescent state


At the end of puberty, teenage boys have a higher lean body mass and a lower amount of body fat compared to their pre-pubescent state






Question 11

Your answer is correct.

Children’s energy and protein requirements __________ as they age.

Decrease


Remain the same


Increase


Vary depending on the child






Question 12

Your answer is correct.

Older adults should consume a diet that is _______ in protein relative to calories as compared to that of younger adults.

higher


lower


similar






Question 13

Your answer is correct.

Which is the primary cause of food-borne illness?

Mercury


Microbes


Lead


Prions






Question 14

Your answer is correct.

Why are nitrites allowed in some foods even though they may form carcinogenic nitrosamines in the digestive tract?

Because they taste good.


Because they prevent botulism.


Because they improve the nutritional quality of the food.


Because they improve the food’s texture.






Question 15

Your answer is correct.

Pregnant woman need to eat high quality protein like fish; however, they:

should limit fish consumption of certain fish such as cod and salmon due to the increased risk of mercury contamination


should limit fish consumption of certain fish such as swordfish, shark, and tile fish due to the increased risk of mercury contamination


should limit all fish consumption because of the risk of mercury contamination in certain species of fish


do not need to limit their fish consumption






Question 16

Your answer is correct.

Because _____ can be contaminated with botulism spores, it should never be fed to infants under 1 year of age.

cow’s milk


eggs


honey


strawberries






Question 17

Your answer is correct.

The groundwater has been contaminated by an industrial pollutant. Which of the following animals will have the greatest concentrations of the pollutants?

Large fish


Microscopic animals


Small marine animals


Water plants






Question 18

Your answer is correct.

All of the following are correct about food insecurity EXCEPT

it is characterized by a widespread lack of food often due to a disaster.


it can result in protein-energy malnutrition.


it occurs when food is not distributed equitably.


it can lead to individual nutrient deficiencies.






Question 19

Your answer is correct.

Which of the following is true of under-nutrition?

Nutrient deficiencies lead to increased susceptibility to infections in childhood only


Nutrient deficiencies lead to decreased susceptibility to infections in childhood only


Nutrient deficiencies lead to increased susceptibility to infections in childhood and adulthood


Nutrient deficiencies lead to decreased susceptibility to infections in childhood and adulthood




Question 20

Your answer is correct.

In some cultures, the amount of food available to certain individuals is based on

age and gender.


birth order and genetic endowments.


educational level and control of income.


Each of these could contribute to the amount of food available to family members.






Question 21

Your answer is correct.

All of the following are advantages of organic farming as compared to conventional farming EXCEPT:

fewer pollutants are released into the environment.


higher crop yields.


increased biological diversity of crops.


reduced use of agricultural chemicals.








Question 22

Your answer is correct.

Golden rice is a genetically modified variety of rice developed to provide _______ to populations in which this deficiency is prevalent.

calcium


iodine


iron


vitamin A
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