SCI 250 Week 2 Parasitology Matrix

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SCI 250 Week 2 Parasitology Matrix

Complete Appendix C to differentiate among parasites, fungi,
helminths, and arthropods.

Appendix
C – Parasitology


 

After
reading Ch. 11 in Microbiology: Principles
and Explorations
, complete the
following matrices to compare and contrast different parasitic organisms. You
may need to use the index to help you locate some of the information needed.

 

PROTOZOA/MASTIGOPHORANS




Organism


Common
Name



Location
in Host



Mode of
Transmission



Geographic
Location





Trypanosoma (Ch. 24)


 


Nervous system


Tsetse fly


 




Giardia
 (Ch. 22)


 


 


Ingestion of fecal matter that contains motile
trophozoites


Worldwide




Trichomonas
(Ch. 20)


Vaginal inflammation


 


 


Worldwide




Select one of the organisms in this section. Describe the disease it
causes, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of
transmission of the selected organism with any other organism in any other
section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that
make disease transmission successful:
 
 
 




 

SPOROZOANS




Organism


Common
Name



Location
in Host



Mode of
Transmission



Geographic
Location





Plasmodium (Ch. 11
& 23)


 


Red blood cells


 


Tropical areas




Toxoplasma
gondii


(Ch. 23)


Toxoplasmosis


 


 


Worldwide




Select one of the organisms in this section. Describe the disease it
causes, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of
transmission of the selected organism with any other organism in any other
section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that
make disease transmission successful:
 
 
 




 

 

FUNGI




Organism


Common
Name



Location
in Host



Mode of
Transmission



Geographic
Location





Candida
albicans

(Ch. 19)


 


 


Can be sexually transmittted


Worldwide




Trichophyton

(Ch. 19)


 


 


Poor hygiene or suppressed immune system


Worldwide




Histoplasma
(Ch. 21)


 


 


Inhalation


Central and eastern United States and major river
valleys worldwide




Select one of the organisms in this section. Describe the disease it
causes, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of
transmission of the selected organism with any other organism in any other
section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that
make disease transmission successful:
 
 
 




 

HELMINTHS/FLUKES




 
Organism


Common
Name



Location
in Host



Mode
of Transmission



Geographic
Location





Schistoma
japonicum

(Ch. 23)


 


Lungs, liver, and
urinary bladder


 


Worldwide




Describe the disease caused by Schistoma japonicum, then compare
similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the organism
in this section with any other organism in any other section in this
document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease
transmission successful:
 
 
 




 

TAPEWORMS




Organism


Common
Name



Location
in Host



Mode
of Transmission



Geographic
location





Taenia
saginata

(Ch. 22)


Tapeworm disease


 


Uncooked beef


 




Describe the disease caused by Taenia saginata, then compare
similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the organism
in this section with any other organism in any other section in this
document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease
transmission successful:
 
 
 




 

 

 

 

ADULT ROUNDWORMS




Organism


Common
Name



Location
in host



Mode of
transmission



Geographic
location





Wucheria
bancrofti
(Ch. 23)


 


 


Mosquitoes


Tropical areas




Describe the disease caused by Wucheria
bancrofti
, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of
transmission of the organism in this section with any other organism in any
other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors
that make disease transmission successful:
 
 
 




 

ROUNDWORM
LARVAE





Organism


Common
Name



Symptoms
in host



Mode of
transmission



Geographic
location





Borrelia
burgdoreri
(Ch. 23)


 


 
Skin lesions and flu-like symptoms, later arthritis and
heart damage
 


Ticks


Parts of the United
States, Australia,
and Europe




Rickettsia
rickettsii
(Ch. 23)


 


Fever, headache, rash


 


 




Rickettsia
prowazekii
(Ch. 23)


 


 


Lice


Worldwide




Select one of the organisms in this section. Describe the disease it
causes, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of
transmission of the selected organism with any other organism in any other
section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that
make disease transmission successful:
 
 
 




 

ANTHROPODS/ARACHNIDS




Organism


Common
Name



Location
in Host



Mode
of Transmission



Geographic
Location





Trichinella
spiralis

(Ch. 22)


 


Larvae in striated
muscle


 


Worldwide




Describe the disease caused by Trichinella spiralis, then compare
similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the organism
in this section with any other organism in any other section in this
document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease
transmission successful:
 




 

 
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