PSY 490 Week 4 Quiz

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PSY 490 Week 4 Quiz

Resource: University
of Phoenix Material: Quiz Review Guide

Complete the
Week Four Quiz.

 

The child begins to
initiate, not imitate activities; to develop a conscience; and to experience a
sexual identity. The ______stage, as defined by Erik Erikson, involves the
crisis of initiative versus guilt.

o   

School-age child

o   

Infant

o   

Preschooler

o   

Toddler

 

·        
Correct answerquestion2

Which of the
following historical events created a strong need for Clinical Psychology and
brought it to the forefront as being an important field of study?

o   

The Great Depression

o   

The World War II
Draft

o   

The Vietnam War Draft

o   

The Civil War

 

·        
Correct answerquestion3

Consider the
biological theories of aging. Which of the following best represent components
of that theory?

o   

Cellular Dial Theory

o   

Hormonal Stress
Theory

o   

Attachment Theory

o   

The Nun Theory

·        
Correct answerquestion4

The two psychologists
credited with being the main founders of Industrial and Organizational
Psychology are

o   

Freud and Jung

o   

Munsterberg and Scott

o   

Sherlin and
Billingsly

o   

Hebb and Skinner

·        
Correct answerquestion5

The most commonly
used statistic in Psychology is

o   

criteria

o   

mode

o   

range

o   

mean

·        
Incorrect answerquestion6

Culture-bound
syndromes refer to

o   

medical or psychic
conditions limited to specific societies or cultural areas

o   

cultural names for
common conditions found around the world

o   

medical or psychic
conditions that are influenced by cultural factors

o   

medical conditions
found in geographic areas of the world

·        
Correct answerquestion7

Validity in testing
refers to which of the following?

o   

The test is measuring
what it set to measure

o   

Different forms of
the test can be used

o   

Whether the test is
available in different languages

o   

Test scores are
stable

·        
Correct answerquestion8

John wants to train
his dog, Spot, to shake hands. John decides to reward Spot with a treat every
time Spot raises his paw. John hopes to increase Spot’s handshaking behavior by
following the behavior with a reward. This is an example of

o   

negative
reinforcement

o   

extinction

o   

positive
reinforcement

o   

aversive conditioning

·        
Correct answerquestion9

Jill is obsessed with
her physical appearance and often dresses in a provocative fashion. It is
important for her to be the center of attention. She is prone to exaggerated
emotional expression with much self-dramatization. Which personality disorder
is Jill most likely suffering from?

o   

Histrionic
personality disorder

o   

Borderline
personality disorder

o   

Schizoid personality
disorder

o   

Obsessive-compulsive
personality disorder

·        
Correct answerquestion10

Which of the
following is one of the five subtypes of schizophrenia?

o   

Complex

o   

Organized

o   

Delusional

o   

Catatonic

·        
Incorrect answerquestion11

Reliability in
testing refers to which of the following?

o   

What the test is
actually measuring

o   

Stability of test
scores

o   

Academic achievement

o   

Fairness

·        
Correct answerquestion12

The two branches of
statistical methods are

o   

quadratic;
quantitative

o   

informal; formal

o   

quantitative;
qualitative

o   

consumer; quantum

·        
Correct answerquestion13

Most psychotherapists
would describe themselves as being

o   

Psychoanalytic

o   

Eclectic

o   

Behavioral

o   

Cognitive

·        
Correct answerquestion14

Ivan Pavlov pioneered
the theory of

o   

classical
conditioning

o   

Cognitive Psychology

o   

Social Learning
Theory

o   

operant conditioning

·        
Correct answerquestion15

In a simple genetic
context, DNA makes RNA, which forms amino acids which form

o   

proteins

o   

alleles

o   

cell bodies

o   

your genotype

·        
Correct answerquestion16

Environmental
psychology can be defined as a behavioral science that investigates the
interrelationships between

o   

physical environment
and human behavior

o   

emotional motivations
and human behavior

o   

family dynamic and
work behavior

o   

biological causes of
physiological disregard

·        
Correct answerquestion17

The state that occurs
when people are faced with demands from the environment that require them to
change in some way can be defined as

o   

tolerance

o   

pollution

o   

transition

o   

stress

·        
Correct answerquestion18

Work motivation
theories are most concerned with

o   

ability of the
individual

o   

attitude of the
individual

o   

persistence of the
individual

o   

reasons of the
individual

·        
Correct answerquestion19

Which theorist is
most associated with Social Learning Theory?

o   

Rollo May

o   

Carl Rogers

o   

Albert Bandura

o   

B.F. Skinner

·        
Correct answerquestion20

Philosophers who
believe that truth can emerge from the careful use of reason are known as

o   

Nativists

o   

Rationalists

o   

Dualists

o   

Empiricists

·        
Correct answerquestion21

What is motivation?

o   

Motivation is the
activation of goal-oriented behavior and can be intrinsic or extrinsic.

o   

Motivation excludes
sound and emotions.

o   

Motivation is based
on sight and touch.

o   

Motivation is the
aversion to activity or exertion.

·        
Correct answerquestion22

Pavlovian
conditioning requires which of the following components to create a conditioned
response?

o   

unconditioned
stimulus; conditioned stimulus; spontaneous recovery

o   

unconditioned stimulus;
unconditioned response; conditioned recovery

o   

unconditioned
response; conditioned stimulus; conditioned reflex

o   

unconditioned
stimulus; unconditioned response; conditioned stimulus

·        
Correct answerquestion23

The child deals with
mastering his or her physical environment while maintaining a sense of
self-esteem. The ______stage, as defined by Erik Erikson, involves the crisis
of autonomy versus shame and doubt.

o   

Toddler

o   

School-age child

o   

Infant

o   

Preschooler

·        
Correct answerquestion24

Cross-cultural
psychology differs from general psychology in that

o   

general psychology is
the systematic study of only human experience and behavior.

o   

cross-cultural
psychology involves more aspects of human functioning, including dreams and
visions

o   

general psychology
understands that culture cannot affect a person’s perception and intelligence

o   

cross-cultural
psychology includes a search for possible universals in behavior and mental
processes

·        
Incorrect answerquestion25

What are the four
major theoretical approaches to the study of personality?

o   

Freud, Maslow,
Allport, and Bandura

o   

Psychodynamic,
Humanistic, Dispositional, and Learning

o   

Psychoticism,
Humanism, Disposition, and Learning

o   

Psychoanalysis,
Humanistic, Dispositional, and Learning

·        
Correct answerquestion26

__________ is often
referred to as the ‘Father of Psychology,’ after developing the first
psychological research laboratory in Leipzig, Germany.

o   

Wilhelm Wundt

o   

Joseph Wolpe

o   

John Watson

o   

William James

·        
Correct answerquestion27

What theorist
presents a hierarchy of needs and motivations?

o   

Abraham Maslow

o   

B.F. Skinner

o   

Carl Jung

o   

Sigmund Freud

·        
Correct answerquestion28

In operant
conditioning, which of the following is accurate?

o   

Any response that is
followed by punishment is likely to not be repeated.

o   

Any response that is
preceded by a reinforcing stimulus tends to be repeated.

o   

Any response that is
followed by reward tends to become extinct.

o   

Any response that is
followed by a reinforcing stimulus tends to be repeated.

·        
Correct answerquestion29

In a topographical
representation of the motor cortex, the homunculus is the largest area devoted
to

o   

the face

o   

arms and legs

o   

the tongue

o   

the hands

·        
Correct answerquestion30

Which of the following
would be a concern for a person during early adulthood?

o   

Relationships

o   

Midlife Crisis

o   

Leisure-time
activities

o   

Civic responsibility
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