MazeGenerator and MazeTraversal

 

I 8.20 (Maze
Traversal Using Recursive Backtracking) The grid of #s and dots (.) in Fig.
18.22 is

a two-dimensional
array representation of a maze. The #s represent the walls of the maze, and the

dots represent
locations in the possible paths through the maze. A move can be made only to a
lo

cation in the
array that contains a dot.

Write a recursive
method (mazeTraversal) to walk through mazes like the one in Fig. 18.22 The method should
receive as arguments a 12-by-12 character array representing (he maze and h current location
in the maze (the first time this method is called, the current location should
be the entry point of the
maze). As mazeTraversal attempts to locate the exit, it should place the character x in each
square in the path. There’s a simple algorithm for walking through a maze that
guarantees finding the
exit (assuming there’s an exit). If there’s no exit, you’ll arrive at the
starting location again.
The algorithm is as follows: From the current location in the maze, try to move
one space in any of
the possible directions (down, right, L1 or left). If it’s possible to move in
at least one direction,
call mazeTraversal recursively, passing the new spot on the maze as the current
spot if it’s not
possible to go in any direction, “back up” to a previous location in the maze
and try a new direction for that
location (this is an example of recursive bacbracldng). Program the method to display the maze
after each move so the user can watch as the maze is solved. The final output
of the maze should
display only the path needed to solve the maze—if going in a particular
direction results in a dead
end, the x’s going in that direction should not be displayed. [Hint: To display
only the final path, it
may be helpful to mark off spots that result in a dead end with another
character (suchas ‘o’).)

18.21 (Generating
Mazes RaidomIy) Write a method mazeGenerator that takes as an argument a

two-dimensional
12-by-12 character array and randomly produces a maze. The method should also provide the
starting and ending locations of the maze. l’est your method mazeTraversal from

Exercise 18.20,
using several randomly generated mazes.

18.22 (Maze.c of
Any Size) Generalize methods mazeTraversal and mazeGenerator of

Exercise 18.20 and
Exercise 18.21 to process mazes of any width and height.
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