NSCI 280 Week 3 Quiz

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280 Week 3 Quiz

  Week Three Quiz


Chapter 6 Skeletal System: Bones and Bone

1.    Important functions of the skeletal system


1.    protection of the brain and soft organs.

2.    storage of water.

3.    production of Vitamin E.

4.    regulation of acid-base balance.

5.    integration of other systems.


1.    Cartilage


1.    is composed of osteons.

2.    is surrounded by a membrane called the

3.    contains chondrocytes located in lacunae.

4.    does not need nutrients and oxygen so it
has no blood vessels.

5.    is well vascularized.


1.    Collagen and calcium hydroxyapatite are the
primary constituents of 


1.    bone matrix.

2.    hyaline cartilage.

3.    fibrous cartilage.

4.    ligaments.

5.    blood.


1.    The primary function of osteoblasts is


1.    prevent osteocytes from forming.

2.    resorb bone along the epiphyseal plate.

3.    inhibit the growth of bone.

4.    stimulate bone growth.

5.    lay down bone matrix.


1.    A cord of connective tissue that attaches
muscle to bone is a 


1.    ligament.

2.    periosteum.

3.    endosteum.

4.    tendon.

5.    muscle spindle.


1.    A passageway connecting neighboring
osteocytes in an osteon is a 


1.    central canal.

2.    lamella.

3.    canaliculus.

4.    lacuna.

5.    osteocanal.







1.    Which of the following is correctly


1.    short bone – carpal bone

2.    long bone – vertebra

3.    irregular bone – femur

4.    flat bone – phalanges of the toes

5.    short bone – humerus


1.    What is the area where marrow is


1.    epiphysis

2.    Sharpey’s fibers

3.    growth plate

4.    medullary cavity

5.    endosteum


1.    Which of the following events occurs last
in intramembranous ossification? 


1.    Osteoprogenitor cells become osteoblasts.

2.    A membrane of delicate collagen fibers

3.    Cancellous bone is formed.

4.    Periosteum is formed.

5.    Many tiny trabeculae of woven bone develop.


1.    Which of the following statements regarding
calcium homeostasis is true? 


1.    Parathyroid hormone inhibits osteoclast

2.    When blood calcium levels are too low,
osteoclast activity increases.

3.    Increased osteoblast activity increases
blood calcium levels.

4.    Parathyroid hormone increases calcium loss
from the kidney.

5.    Calcitonin elevates blood calcium levels.



Chapter 7 Skeletal System: Gross Anatomy

1.    Which of the following bones is part of the
axial skeleton? 


1.    rib

2.    radius

3.    clavicle

4.    scapula

5.    coax


1.    Which of the following bones are
paired? (select two answers)


1.    vomer

2.    temporal

3.    sphenoid

4.    mandible

5.    maxilla


1.    Which of the following bones contains a sinus? 


1.    Maxilla

2.    nasal bone

3.    occipital bone

4.    zygomatic bone

5.    temporal


1.    Which of the following statements is


1.    The first cervical vertebra is called the

2.    The spinal cord protects the vertebral

3.    Thoracic vertebrae have long, thin spinous processes.

4.    The sacral vertebrae are superior to the
lumbar vertebrae.

5.    Lumbar vertebrae are generally smaller than
thoracic vertebrae.


1.    The opening in vertebrae for the spinal
cord is the 


1.    intervertebral disk.

2.    vertebral foramen.

3.    lamina.

4.    intervertebral foramen.

5.    spinous process.


1.    The collar bone is the 


1.    sternum.

2.    clavicle.

3.    scapula.

4.    humerus.

5.    atlas.



1.    The acromion process 


1.    is part of the clavicle.

2.    articulates with the coracoid process.

3.    forms the most inferior part of the glenoid

4.    has no function.

5.    has an articulation with the clavicle.


1.    A woman pinched her phalange. She hurt


1.    ear.

2.    toe.

3.    cheek.

4.    finger.

5.    toe or her finger.


1.    Which of the following statements about the
femur is TRUE? 


1.    The head of the femur articulates with the

2.    The medial condyle articulates with the

3.    Both the greater and lesser trochanters are
attachment sites for muscles.

4.    The distal end of the tibia articulates
with the femur.

5.    The proximal end of the femur articulates
with the tibia.


1.    The tarsal bone that articulates with the
tibia and the fibula is the 


1.    talus.

2.    cuboid.

3.    navicular.

4.    calcaneus.

5.    patella.


Chapter 8 Articulations and Movement

1.    A place where two or more bones come
together is a(n) 


1.    cavity.

2.    joint.

3.    contusion.

4.    articulation.

5.    joint and an articulation.


1.    Joints are classified according to


1.    bones that are united at the joint.

2.    structure of the joint.

3.    size of the joint.

4.    shape of the joint.

5.    type of fluid in the joint.


1.    Cartilaginous joints 


1.    are common in the skull.

2.    unite two bones by means of fibrocartilage
or hyaline cartilage.

3.    allow the most movement between bones.

4.    are found in the lower leg.

5.    are not found in the pelvic region.


1.    Synovial joints are different from both
fibrous and cartilaginous joints because synovial joints 


1.    use fibrous connective tissue to hold the
bones in the joint together.

2.    are enclosed by a joint capsule.

3.    are only temporary; they are replaced in
the adult.

4.    generally have both bones in the joint
fused together.

5.    are not freely moveable.


1.    Synovial fluid 


1.    is a double layer of tissue that encloses a

2.    is a thin lubricating film covering the
surface of a joint.

3.    provides a smooth surface where bones meet.

4.    is a layer of tissue that is continuous
with the periosteum.

5.    lines the joint everywhere except over the
articular cartilage.


1.    This type of joint is multiaxial allowing a
wide range of movement. 


1.    saddle

2.    hinge

3.    pivot

4.    plane

5.    ball and socket




1.    Which of the following movements is an
example of extension? 


1.    bending forward at the waist

2.    kneeling

3.    raising your arm laterally

4.    using your finger to point out an area on a

5.    shrugging your shoulders


1.    Rotating the forearm so that the palm faces
posteriorly is called 


1.    circumduction.

2.    rotation.

3.    hyperextension.

4.    supination.

5.    pronation.


1.    The glenoid labrum is part of the _____
joint while the acetabular labrum is part of the _____ joint. 


1.    elbow; knee

2.    shoulder; hip

3.    shoulder; knee

4.    elbow; hip

5.    shoulder; elbow


1.    The medial meniscus is in the 


1.    neck.

2.    shoulder.

3.    hip.

4.    knee.

5.    elbow.
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