Psyc110-Final-Exam

Psyc110-Final-Exam

1. (TCOs 1, 2) According to Freud, unconscious urges (Points : 5) are able to be suppressed.
only pertain to sex.
attempt to surface and affect our behaviors.
have no impact on everyday life. Question 2.2. (TCOs 1, 2) Julie finds that the number of hours she sleeps each night is related to the scores she receives on quizzes the next day. As her sleep approaches eight hours, her quiz scores improve; as her sleep drops to five hours, her quiz scores show a similar decline. Julie realizes that _____. (Points : 5) there is a negative correlation between the number of hours she sleeps and her quiz grades
there is a positive correlation between the number of hours she sleeps and her quiz grades
her low quiz scores are caused by sleep deprivation the night before a quiz
she should sleep about 10 hours a night to ensure 100 percent quiz grades Question 3.3. (TCOs 2, 3) Your teacher asks you to describe the sequence of parts of a neuron that the impulse travels during neural conduction. Which of the following sequences will you offer? (Points : 5) Dendrites, axon, soma, synaptic knob
Terminal buttons, axon, soma, dendrites
Axon, soma, dendrites, synaptic knob
Dendrites, soma, axon, synaptic knob Question 4.4. (TCOs 2, 3) Alice is typing her term paper in the computer lab. Although a class is going on just a few feet away, she does not seem to notice. Which part of the brain allows Alice to focus on her typing and ignore the distractions that surround her? (Points : 5) Reticular formation
Pons
Medulla
Cerebellum Question 5.5. (TCO 4) Which of the following is the primary structure that allows one to maintain his or her balance? (Points : 5) Cochlea
Middle ear
Semicircular canals
Circular canals Question 6.6. (TCO 4) The best explanation of the moon illusion is _____. (Points : 5) the apparent distance hypothesis
the angle world hypothesis
the cultural bias hypothesis
the top-down processing hypothesis Question 7.7. (TCO 5) Which of the following is CORRECT concerning REM deprivation? (Points : 5) REM deprivation results in long-term mental illness.
REM deprivation only occurs among the elderly.
REM deprivation leads to increased amounts of REM sleep on subsequent nights of sleep.
REM deprivation can lead to visual impairments. Question 8.8. (TCO 5) The activation-synthesis hypothesis of dreaming states that _____. (Points : 5) the purpose of dreaming is to express unconscious wishes, thoughts, and conflicts
dreams are merely another kind of thinking; dreams occur because of random brain stem signals
the purpose of dreaming is to resolve current concerns and problems
dreaming is a by-product of a process of eliminating or strengthening neural connections Question 9.9. (TCOs 7, 8) In a conditioning experiment, a sound is paired with a brief puff of air to the eye of the rabbit. After several pairings, the rabbit ultimately blinks its eye when it hears the sound. Which of the following is true? (Points : 5) The blinking of the eye serves as stimulus.
The puff of air serves as the unconditioned stimulus.
The puff of air serves as the conditioned stimulus.
The blinking of the eye serves as the conditioned stimulus. Question 10.10. (TCOs 7, 8) A young child watches her mother make pancakes. She wants to please her mother so she pays attention. However, when she goes to make them on her own, she can’t break the eggs for the batter without making a terrible mess and dropping them on the floor, no matter how hard she tries. Her attempt failed because of a problem with which part of the necessary components for observational learning? (Points : 5) Attention
Memory
Imitation
Desire Question 11.11. (TCOs 7, 8) “The effectiveness of memory retrieval is directly related to the similarity of cues present when the memory was encoded to the cues present when the memory is retrieved.” What concept does this statement describe? (Points : 5) Memorability
Registered learning
Encoding specificity
Accessible decoding Question 12.12. (TCOs 7, 8) Evidence suggests that procedural memories are stored in the _____. (Points : 5) cerebellum
prefrontal and temporal lobes of the cortex
hippocampus
amygdala Question 13.13. (TCO 8) Which type of thinking is most closely related to creativity? (Points : 5) Heuristic
Divergent
Insightful
Convergent Question 14.14. (TCO 8) Which of the following statements BEST describes the general relationship between thinking and language? (Points : 5) Language is a tool that may be used in thinking, but it isn’t the sole basis of thought.
Language is the sole basis of thought.
When we think, we always make use of language.
Language usually is not required in thought processes. Question 15.15. (TCO 10) Emily and her husband are thrilled as they peer into Emily’s uterus by means of an ultrasound. The physician reports that the pregnancy appears normal and that their baby’s fingers, toes, heart, and circulatory system are developing as expected. The couple learns that the baby is only an inch long. Given this information, the current stage of prenatal development is the _____. (Points : 5) embryonic period
germinal period
zygotic period
fetal stage Page 2 Question 1.1. (TCO 10) Your little sister picks up objects, feels every part of them, and then puts them in her mouth. What stage of Jean Piaget’s model of cognitive development does this behavior suggest she is in? (Points : 5) Concrete operations
Sensorimotor
Preoperational
Formal operations Question 2.2. (TCO 9) Michael has trained very long hours in order to qualify for the Olympics in diving. He has sacrificed a great deal—he put his education on hold and spent a lot of time away from his two small children and wife. To Michael, qualifying for the Olympics is a(n) ____. (Points : 5) instinctual drive
incentive
innate goal
optimum goal Question 3.3. (TCO 9) You just finished a cup of very strong coffee, which causes your body to have a general feeling of arousal. That afternoon, you walk past a cemetery where several people are crying at a graveside. According to Schachter and Singer, which of the following would most likely occur? (Points : 5) Your emotion would be happy in spite of the scene at the graveside.
You would work very hard to control your emotion.
Your emotion would be sad, since the context would affect your labeling.
Your emotional state would be impossible to predict. Question 4.4. (TCO 11) The primary sex characteristics develop as _____. (Points : 5) the fetus is growing in the womb, when the chromosomes of the 23rd pair cause the release of the proper hormones to stimulate the growth of the sex organs
proper hormones in the mother’s milk stimulate the growth of the sex organs
the baby is raised as a male or female; the behavioral cues stimulate the baby to release the appropriate male or female hormones and develop as such
None of the above Question 5.5. (TCO 11) According to research, the majority of gay or bisexual college men report they first became aware of their sexual orientation in _____. (Points : 5) junior high or high school
middle school
elementary school
before entering school Question 6.6. (TCO 6) For the past six months, Dahlia’s job has been extremely stressful, but she doesn’t feel that she can quit, because she needs the money for tuition. Dahlia has been having chronic headaches and is behind in all of her classes. According to Hans Selye, Dahlia is in the _____ stage of the general adaptation syndrome. (Points : 5) alarm
collapse
exhaustion
resistance Question 7.7. (TCO 6) Pepe moved from Argentina to France. He chose not to learn to speak and write French, continues to maintain his old culture’s styles of dress and customs, and lives in a neighborhood where only people from Argentina live. Pepe has used which method of entering the majority culture? (Points : 5) Integration
Assimilation
Separation
Marginalization Question 8.8. (TCO 13) Which statement is the best explanation of the fundamental attribution error? (Points : 5) We attribute most of what people do to the influence of situations.
We rely on the first information we receive to make internal attributions.
We are more likely to attribute another’s behavior to internal rather than to situational causes.
We tend to attribute our successes to our own efforts and our failures to the shortcomings of others. Question 9.9. (TCO 13) “Out of sight, out of mind” is a cliché that is consistent with the _____ rule of interpersonal attraction. (Points : 5) physical attractiveness
similarity
proximity
reciprocal liking Question 10.10. (TCO 11) Jeff has to get up early to go to school, but he wants to stay up late and watch television. His parents disapprove of him staying up late, but when they go out for the evening, he disregards their wishes and stays up late anyway. The next day, he feels extremely guilty. How would Carl Rogers explain Jeff’s guilt? (Points : 5) It results from Jeff’s inferiority complex, which has been enlarged by Jeff’s adoption of his parents’ value judgments.
It results from the conflict between Jeff’s need to seek pleasure and his desire to do well in school.
It results from a psychological conflict between Jeff’s personal desire to stay up late and the opinion adopted from his parents that it is wrong to stay up late.
It results from an overactive superego, which is punishing Jeff’s id for gratifying his desires. Question 11.11. (TCO 11) Karesh is from India and really cares about others’ welfare. His wife is Chinese and he is known for the fact that he does not adhere to strict rules and regulations. He is tolerant of others and plans to become a social worker. According to Hofstede, what type of cultural personality would Karesh be? (Points : 5) Highly individualistic
Low in uncertainty avoidance
Highly masculine
Feminine Question 12.12. (TCO 11) When a patient arrives in the emergency room, he is restless and irritable with unlimited energy and a rapid rate of speech. The attending psychiatrist believes the patient has taken cocaine or amphetamines and admits him for observation. The next day, the symptoms are the same. What condition with symptoms that are similar to those associated with amphetamine use might the psychiatrist now consider as a condition that is relevant to the diagnosis? (Points : 5) Mania
Dissociative fugue
Conversion disorder
Catatonic schizophrenia Question 13.13. (TCO 11) Which of the following is the biological explanation for mood disorders? (Points : 5) They are a result of learned helplessness.
They are a result of anger turned inward on oneself.
They are a result of distortions in thinking.
They are a result of an imbalance of brain chemicals. Question 14.14. (TCO 12) Expressing empathy, developing the discrepancies between a client’s present behaviors and values, rolling with resistance, and supporting a client’s self-efficacy are the four pillars of _____. (Points : 5) motivational interviewing
rational emotive therapy
person-centered therapy
contingency contracting Question 15.15. (TCO 12) A technique for treating phobias and other stress disorders in which the person is suddenly exposed to the fear-provoking situation or object in an intense way and is prevented from making the usual avoidance or escape response is called _____. (Points : 5) systematic desensitization
flooding
paradoxical intent
aversive therapy
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