# FI515 Financial Management Week 8 Final Study Guide (Version 5)

FI515 Financial Management

Week 8

1. Which of the following statements is NOT correct?

The corporate valuation model can be used both for companies that pay dividends and those that do not pay dividends.

The corporate valuation model discounts free cash flows by the required return on equity.

The corporate valuation model can be used to find the value of a division.

An important step in applying the corporate valuation model is forecasting the firm's pro forma financial statements.

Free cash flows are assumed to grow at a constant rate beyond a specified date in order to find the horizon, or terminal, value.

2. Which of the following statements is correct?

One advantage of the NPV over the IRR is that NPV takes account of cash flows over a projectâ€™s full life, whereas IRR does not.

One advantage of the NPV over the IRR is that NPV assumes that cash flows will be reinvested at the WACC, whereas IRR assumes that cash flows are reinvested at the IRR. The NPV assumption is generally more appropriate.

One advantage of the NPV over the MIRR method is that NPV takes account of cash flows over a projectâ€™s full life, whereas MIRR does not.

One advantage of the NPV over the MIRR method is that NPV discounts cash flows, whereas the MIRR is based on undiscounted cash flows.

Since cash flows under the IRR and MIRR are both discounted at the same rate (the WACC), these two methods always rank mutually exclusive projects in the same order.

3. (TCO D) The Ackert Company's last dividend was $1.55. The dividend growth rate is expected to be constant at 1.5% for 2 years, after which dividends are expected to grow at a rate of 8.0% forever. The firm's required return (rs) is 12.0%. What is the best estimate of the current stock price?

a. $37.05

b. $38.16

c. $39.30

d. $40.48

e. $41.70

(Points : 20)

4. The ABC Corporation's budgeted monthly sales are $4,000. In the first month, 40% of its customers pay and take the 3% discount.

The remaining 60% pay in the month following the sale and don't receive a discount.

ABC's bad debts are very small and are excluded from this analysis.

Purchases for next month's sales are constant each month at $2,000. Other payments for wages, rent, and taxes are constant at $500 per month.

Construct a single month's cash budget with the information given. What is the average cash gain or (loss) during a typical month for the ABC Corporation?

5. (TCO G) Chua Chang & Wu Inc. is planning its operations for next year, and the CEO wants you to forecast the firm's additional funds needed (AFN). The firm is operating at full capacity. Data for use in your forecast are shown below. Based on the AFN equation, what is the AFN for the coming year?

Last year's sales = S0 $200.000 Last year's accounts payable $50,000

Sales growth rate = g 40% Last year's notes payable $15,000

Last year's total assets = A0* $135,000 Last year's accruals $20,000

Last year's profit margin = PM 20% Target payout ratio 25%

a. -$14,440

b. -$15,200

c. -$16,000

d. -$16,800

e. -$17,640

1. Zervos Inc. had the following data for 2008 (in millions). The new CFO believes (a) that an improved inventory management system could lower the average inventory by $4,000, (b) that improvements in the credit department could reduce receivables by $2,000, and (c) that the purchasing department could negotiate better credit terms and thereby increase accounts payable by $2,000. Furthermore, she thinks that these changes would not affect either sales or the costs of goods sold. If these changes were made, by how many days would the cash conversion cycle be lowered?

Original

Revised

Annual sales: unchanged

$110,000

$110,000

Cost of goods sold: unchanged

$80,000

$80,000

Average inventory: lowered by $4,000

$20,000

$16,000

Average receivables: lowered by $2,000

$16,000

$14,000

Average payables: increased by $2,000

$10,000

$12,000

Days in year

365

365

a. 34.0

b. 37.4

c. 41.2

d. 45.3

e. 49.8

2. Bumpas Enterprises purchases $4,562,500 in goods per year from its sole supplier on terms of 2/15, net 50. If the firm chooses to pay on time but does not take the discount, what is the effective annual percentage cost of its nonfree trade credit? (Assume a 365-day year.)

a. 20.11%

b. 21.17%

c. 22.28%

d. 23.45%

e. 24.63%

3. You were hired as a consultant to the Quigley Company, whose target capital structure is 35% debt, 10% preferred, and 55% common equity. The interest rate on new debt is 6.50%, the yield on the preferred is 6.00%, the cost of common from retained earnings is 11.25%, and the tax rate is 40%. The firm will not be issuing any new common stock. What is Quigley's WACC?

a. 8.15%

b. 8.48%

c. 8.82%

d. 9.17%

e. 9.54%

4. Zhdanov Inc. forecasts that its free cash flow in the coming year, that is, at t = 1, will be -$10 million, but its FCF at t = 2 will be $20 million. After Year 2, FCF is expected to grow at a constant rate of 4% forever. If the weighted average cost of capital is 14%, what is the firm's value of operations, in millions?

a. $158

b. $167

c. $175

d. $184

e. $193

5. Based on the corporate valuation model, the value of a company's operations is $900 million. Its balance sheet shows $70 million in accounts receivable, $50 million in inventory, $30 million in short-term investments that are unrelated to operations, $20 million in accounts payable, $110 million in notes payable, $90 million in long-term debt, $20 million in preferred stock, $140 million in retained earnings, and $280 million in total common equity. If the company has 25 million shares of stock outstanding, what is the best estimate of the stocks price per share?

a. $23.00

b. $25.56

c. $28.40

d. $31.24

e. $34.36

Week 8

1. Which of the following statements is NOT correct?

The corporate valuation model can be used both for companies that pay dividends and those that do not pay dividends.

The corporate valuation model discounts free cash flows by the required return on equity.

The corporate valuation model can be used to find the value of a division.

An important step in applying the corporate valuation model is forecasting the firm's pro forma financial statements.

Free cash flows are assumed to grow at a constant rate beyond a specified date in order to find the horizon, or terminal, value.

2. Which of the following statements is correct?

One advantage of the NPV over the IRR is that NPV takes account of cash flows over a projectâ€™s full life, whereas IRR does not.

One advantage of the NPV over the IRR is that NPV assumes that cash flows will be reinvested at the WACC, whereas IRR assumes that cash flows are reinvested at the IRR. The NPV assumption is generally more appropriate.

One advantage of the NPV over the MIRR method is that NPV takes account of cash flows over a projectâ€™s full life, whereas MIRR does not.

One advantage of the NPV over the MIRR method is that NPV discounts cash flows, whereas the MIRR is based on undiscounted cash flows.

Since cash flows under the IRR and MIRR are both discounted at the same rate (the WACC), these two methods always rank mutually exclusive projects in the same order.

3. (TCO D) The Ackert Company's last dividend was $1.55. The dividend growth rate is expected to be constant at 1.5% for 2 years, after which dividends are expected to grow at a rate of 8.0% forever. The firm's required return (rs) is 12.0%. What is the best estimate of the current stock price?

a. $37.05

b. $38.16

c. $39.30

d. $40.48

e. $41.70

(Points : 20)

4. The ABC Corporation's budgeted monthly sales are $4,000. In the first month, 40% of its customers pay and take the 3% discount.

The remaining 60% pay in the month following the sale and don't receive a discount.

ABC's bad debts are very small and are excluded from this analysis.

Purchases for next month's sales are constant each month at $2,000. Other payments for wages, rent, and taxes are constant at $500 per month.

Construct a single month's cash budget with the information given. What is the average cash gain or (loss) during a typical month for the ABC Corporation?

5. (TCO G) Chua Chang & Wu Inc. is planning its operations for next year, and the CEO wants you to forecast the firm's additional funds needed (AFN). The firm is operating at full capacity. Data for use in your forecast are shown below. Based on the AFN equation, what is the AFN for the coming year?

Last year's sales = S0 $200.000 Last year's accounts payable $50,000

Sales growth rate = g 40% Last year's notes payable $15,000

Last year's total assets = A0* $135,000 Last year's accruals $20,000

Last year's profit margin = PM 20% Target payout ratio 25%

a. -$14,440

b. -$15,200

c. -$16,000

d. -$16,800

e. -$17,640

1. Zervos Inc. had the following data for 2008 (in millions). The new CFO believes (a) that an improved inventory management system could lower the average inventory by $4,000, (b) that improvements in the credit department could reduce receivables by $2,000, and (c) that the purchasing department could negotiate better credit terms and thereby increase accounts payable by $2,000. Furthermore, she thinks that these changes would not affect either sales or the costs of goods sold. If these changes were made, by how many days would the cash conversion cycle be lowered?

Original

Revised

Annual sales: unchanged

$110,000

$110,000

Cost of goods sold: unchanged

$80,000

$80,000

Average inventory: lowered by $4,000

$20,000

$16,000

Average receivables: lowered by $2,000

$16,000

$14,000

Average payables: increased by $2,000

$10,000

$12,000

Days in year

365

365

a. 34.0

b. 37.4

c. 41.2

d. 45.3

e. 49.8

2. Bumpas Enterprises purchases $4,562,500 in goods per year from its sole supplier on terms of 2/15, net 50. If the firm chooses to pay on time but does not take the discount, what is the effective annual percentage cost of its nonfree trade credit? (Assume a 365-day year.)

a. 20.11%

b. 21.17%

c. 22.28%

d. 23.45%

e. 24.63%

3. You were hired as a consultant to the Quigley Company, whose target capital structure is 35% debt, 10% preferred, and 55% common equity. The interest rate on new debt is 6.50%, the yield on the preferred is 6.00%, the cost of common from retained earnings is 11.25%, and the tax rate is 40%. The firm will not be issuing any new common stock. What is Quigley's WACC?

a. 8.15%

b. 8.48%

c. 8.82%

d. 9.17%

e. 9.54%

4. Zhdanov Inc. forecasts that its free cash flow in the coming year, that is, at t = 1, will be -$10 million, but its FCF at t = 2 will be $20 million. After Year 2, FCF is expected to grow at a constant rate of 4% forever. If the weighted average cost of capital is 14%, what is the firm's value of operations, in millions?

a. $158

b. $167

c. $175

d. $184

e. $193

5. Based on the corporate valuation model, the value of a company's operations is $900 million. Its balance sheet shows $70 million in accounts receivable, $50 million in inventory, $30 million in short-term investments that are unrelated to operations, $20 million in accounts payable, $110 million in notes payable, $90 million in long-term debt, $20 million in preferred stock, $140 million in retained earnings, and $280 million in total common equity. If the company has 25 million shares of stock outstanding, what is the best estimate of the stocks price per share?

a. $23.00

b. $25.56

c. $28.40

d. $31.24

e. $34.36

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