Ethic in Criminal Justice 501276RR

Ethic in Criminal Justice 501276RR

Ethic in Criminal Justice
Exam Number: 501276RR
Lesson Name: Ethics and Law Enforcement Practices
1.   When criminal justice supervisors lack good judgement in the application of rules, they open themselves and their organization to
    
  A. liability clams.
  B. rigidity.
  C. dissolution.
  D. lack of morale.
2.   Which of the following actions is consistent with the police subculture?
    
  A. Restraint in the use of force
  B. Respect for individual rights
  C. Use of illegal investigation tactics
  D. Consistent truth-telling
3.   The idea that an employee's attitude toward work is largely influenced by his or her individual characteristics comes from the _______ model.
    
  A. environmental
  B. importation
  C. trait
  D. ethics
4.   When a Court finds that a supervisor failed to discipline an officer's negligent conduct it leaves the supervisor open to be sued based on
    
  A. civil liability.
  B. official liability.
  C. vicarious liability.
  D. supervisory liability.
5.   Who sometimes acts as an adversary to the police by exposing unethical behavior?
    
  A. Media
  B. Commissions
  C. Citizens
  D. Researchers
6.   The primary mission of policing established by Sir Robert Peel was to
    
  A. investigate crimes.
  B. control riots.
  C. prevent crime and disorder.
  D. implement a police hierarchy.
7.   The clearest reward a cadet can earn by learning the do's and don'ts of the police subculture is
    
  A. accumulation of merits.
  B. inclusion in the subculture.
  C. rapid promotion.
  D. receiving medals.
8.   A primary objective of a criminal justice leader is to ensure line officers
    
  A. teach less experienced officers the subculture of the police force.
  B. make arrests and oversee communities.
  C. act professionally and ethically at all times.
  D. maintain friendships with those in power and wealth.
9.   Which of the following is an element of community policing?
    
  A. Maintaining an anonymous relationship with the community
  B. Focusing on emergency response
  C. Encouraging citizens to help in preventing and solving crimes
  D. Moving decision-making and discretion upward to office supervisors
 
10.   The _______ theory of leadership emphasizes the relationship between the leader and his or her subordinates.
    
  A. contingency
  B. train
  C. objective
  D. learning
11.   The belief that criminal justice professionals don't learn ethics on the job because ethics are rooted in early learning is the _______ perspective.
    
  A. predetermined
  B. values-learned
  C. rational choice
  D. predispositional
12.   _______ justice is associated with the determination of and methods of punishment.
    
  A. Corrective
  B. Natural
  C. Commutative
  D. Distributive
13.   The Knapp Commission investigated the New York City police department during the 1960s because it was a system where _______ was pervasive.
    
  A. nepotism
  B. bribery
  C. sexism
  D. drug use
 
14.   The alderman system of policing, established during the nineteenth century, was considered
    
  A. the best deterrent to organized crime.
  B. the model that modern police forces should follow.
  C. highly disorganized and decentralized.
  D. organized and efficient.
15.   The most scholarly viewpoint on how criminal justice professionals learn ethical and unethical behavior is the _______ approach.
    
  A. values-learned
  B. values-added
  C. rational-choice
  D. differential
16.   The watchman style of policing evolved due to
    
  A. urbanization.
  B. the Gold Rush of 1849.
  C. railroad construction.
  D. the Boston Tea Party.
17.   If an officer is found negligent, his or her supervisor can be sued in civil court. This is called
    
  A. ethical liability.
  B. vicarious liability.
  C. guilt by association.
  D. criminal culpability.
18.   Which perspective relates to how officers learn ethical and unethical behavior through the process of culturalization and socialization into the police organization?
    
  A. The predispositional
  B. The values-learned
  C. The rational choice
  D. The operant behavior
 
19.   The President's Crime Commission published a 1967 report which found that
    
  A. Miranda Rights were not always used in police interrogation.
  B. the preferred method for police to respond to calls was by foot.
  C. police often obtained confessions by coercion.
  D. police brutality was the norm.
20.   Which of the following is universally agreed upon as part of a police officer's domain?
    
  A. Leadership
  B. Discretion
  C. Acceptance of gratuities
  D. Differential treatment of special groups

 


Exam Number: 501277RRLesson Name: Legal Professionals and Prosecutionhttp://lessons.pennfoster.com/pdf/501936.pdf#page=351. If an attorney knows his client has lied on the stand, that attorney is ethically required to
A. do nothing.B. recall his client to the stand and re-ask the question.C. recuse himself from the case.D. notify the court.2. Which of the following statements applies to the judicial process?
A. A prosecutor should never take steps to avoid allowing false testimony on the stand.
B. A prosecutor can communicate with a defendant outside the presence of the defendant's attorney.
C. If the defense files a motion requesting pertinent evidence, a prosecutor must hand it over.
D. Specific rules exist concerning when a prosecutor and a judge can discuss an ongoing case without the presence of a defense attorney.3. Under the Model Rules, which of the following topics would be prohibited from a media statement?
A. Family status of the accusedB. Litigation scheduleC. Time and place of arrestD. Credibility of a witness4. A lawyer can ethically reveal the confidences of a client when the
A. lawyer discovers the client lied on the stand.B. client consents.C. lawyer must share the information with the prosecutor during a plea bargaining.D. lawyer is convinced the information will help his client's case.
5. During a court case, it was determined that both the litigants and their attorneys had made contributions to the judge's election campaign. It was therefore ethically essential that the
A. attorneys for the litigants demand the judge recuse himself.B. judge recuse himself no matter what.C. attorney resign from the case.D. judge recuse himself if he found that the donations hindered his ability to be impartial.6. Which of the following statements applies to lawyer-client confidentiality?
A. A lawyer can ethically reveal client confidences when disclosure is required by law or court order.
B. A lawyer can't ethically reveal client confidences for self-defense against an accusation of wrongful conduct.
C. A lawyer can't ethically reveal client confidences even if the client consents.D. A lawyer can ethically reveal client confidences when learning, after the fact that the client lied on previous testimony to the court.7. A lawyer's promise to maintain confidentiality may be broken if
A. a crime is being committed.B. the lawyer is talking to another lawyer.C. the information is a matter of public knowledge.D. the senior partner of his or her firm demands it.8. Membership in the American Bar Association
A. isn't required for an attorney to practice law.B. automatically makes an attorney a member of the state's bar association.C. is required before taking the bar exam.D. is required only for prosecutors.9. Ex Parte communication prohibits
A. lawyers from communicating with their family during trials.B. judges from communicating with lawyers or parties involved in a particular case.C. defendants from speaking with prosecuting attorneys.D. judges from communicating with the media.10. Frivolous legal claims are those that
A. call for the reversal of existing law.B. don't have merit.C. aren't winnable.D. have a great number of arguable issues.11. Which of the following statements regarding judicial behavior is true?
A. The judiciary doesn't have its own code of ethics.B. The primary theme of judicial ethics is impartiality.C. A judge has no duty to conclude judicial processing with reasonable punctuality.D. Judges have the least discretion in interpreting the law and deciding sentences.12. The American Bar Association's judicial code emphasizes that judges should avoid _______ as well as actual bias.
A. the appearance of biasB. accusations of biasC. the appearance of improprietyD. extrajudicial activities that might cause bias13. State licensing requires that lawyers engage in
A. criminal law.B. trials.C. ethical codes.D. continuing education.14. If an attorney believes that he or she isn't competent to handle a case, he or she may ethically do all of the following except
A. accept the case but work with another attorney.B. decline the case.C. accept the case on behalf of another attorney.D. accept the case and try to get up to speed on the material.15. Which of the following is acceptable behavior on the part of a prosecutor?
A. Choosing whether to charge or not charge a personB. Not disclosing evidence to the defenseC. Knowingly making false statements in the course of plea discussionsD. Speaking to the media about the ch
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16. Exculpatory evidence does not need to be divulged to
A. a federal grand jury.B. the judge.C. the prosecution.D. the defense.17. It's true that bar associations
A. sanction attorneys for ethical violations.B. are only authorized to sanction attorneys for criminal code violations.C. can't sanction attorneys for ethical violations.D. are well staffed to handle complaints.
18. Ethics rules prohibit an attorney from representing a client at a trial when the attorney
A. is related to the client.B. will be called as a witness.C. has a financial stake in the outcome of the trial.D. has other clients with similar issues.19. Prosecutor Ray Thomas has discovered that he prosecuted an innocent man. It's now his ethical responsibility to
A. do nothing.B. remedy the conviction.C. tell the defense attorney to reopen the case.D. apply to the parole board.20. Which of the following statements is true regarding conflict of interest?
A. As long as attorneys can handle themselves professionally, they can represent clients who may have interests that conflict with their own.
B. Lawyers have no conflict-of-interest rules.C. Lawyers can accept clients with conflicting interests as long as they follow the Model Rules.
D. Defense attorneys can't represent co-defendants in criminal actions
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