Ingredient In A Recipe Program Solved

Python IDLE 3.6.2 shell coding

This is an exercise in coding with some repetition, with some output formatting and if-statements thrown in.

Problem Description

Many recipes tend to be rather small, producing the fewest number of servings that are really possible with the included ingredients. Sometimes one will want to be able to scale those recipes upwards for serving larger groups.

This program's task is to determine how much of each ingredient in a recipe will be required for a target party size. The first inputs to the program will be the recipe itself.

Here is an example recipe that comes from the story "Chitty Chitty Bang Bang", written by Ian Fleming, who is much better known for introducing the world to James Bond:

This is a recipe scaler for serving large crowds!

 

Enter one ingredient per line, with a numeric value first.

Indicate the end of input with an empty line.

4 tbsp cocoa

1/4 pound butter

2 tsp corn syrup

1 can evaporated milk

1 tsp water

 

Here is the recipe that has been recorded

 4    tbsp     cocoa

 1/4  pound    butter

 2    tsp      corn syrup

 1    can      evaporated milk

 1    tsp      water

 

How many does this recipe serve? 16

How many people must be served? 25

Multiplying the recipe by 2

 

 8    tbsp     cocoa

 2/4  pound    butter

 4    tsp      corn syrup

 2    can      evaporated milk

 2    tsp      water

 

Serves 32

NOTE: The recipe rounds upwards, since it is usually not practical to obtain fractional cans or fractional eggs, etc.

A Couple Free Program Tricks

Attractive user-friendly output is rather straightforward, with the help of Python's string formatting features. User-friendly input is a little trickier, so here is a peek at a little of the instructor's code:

First trick:

The name of an ingredient might be more than one word. This will place all of the extra words into a single string variable 'item':

quant, unit, item = line.split(' ',2)      # pull off at most 2 words from the front

Second trick:

Sometimes the measure will be fractional. We can tell that if there is a slash in there. Not having a slash can be treated the same way as a fraction with a denominator of 1.

if '/' in quant:

    numer, slash, denom = quant.partition('/')       # get the parts of the fraction

The rest is left up to the student -- since this is a string operation and this fraction represents a number.

Extra Credit Option

No doubt the output seems to be a little strange to ask for 2/4 pounds of butter. One might think it would be better to ask for 1/2.

Modify the program so that all fractions are reduced to their lowest terms.

Also, express all improper fractions (where the numerator exceeds the denominator) as mixed fractions. Scaling this recipe by a factor of 10 would ask for 2 1/2 pounds of butter.

And of course, the resulting output should still be easy to read.

Other Guidelines

Clarity of code is still important here -- and clear code is less likely to have bugs.

In particular, there should be very good and clear decisions in the code.

And there will be a penalty for usage of break or continue statements.

Planning out the design of the solution before diving into code will help!

 
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