ANT.101, WK1, QUIZ

 









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1. One
of the shortcomings of the theory of historical particularism is: (Points :
1)

the emphasis on past societies rather than contemporary
ones.

an emphasis on environmental influences.

an
overemphasis on sociocultural differences.

an emphasis on the significance of diffusion. (My
answer) Over several years Boas formulated a theory of culture that
became known as historical
particularism.
Boas rejected using environmental factors to explain the
unique characteristics of Pacific Northwest cultures. He also downplayed
the significance of diffusion from other cultures (Nowak & Laird, 2010).







2. Because
most known societies prohibit incest, it can be considered: (Points : 1)

a religious issue.

a cultural universal.

a biologically driven instinct.

an ethnocentric behavior.







3. The
value of ethnographic data is based on authentic human relationships
established over time. (Points : 1)

True

False







4. Which
of the following is not a part of cultural relativism? (Points : 1)

We should view other ways of acting, thinking and feeling
as just as valid as those of our own culture.

This approach requires that the anthropologist search for the
rationality of actions and beliefs that seem puzzling.

We should not view foreign lifeways as inferior to our own.
(My answer) First, cultural relativism
is a moral stance that requires anthropologists to suspend moral and
ethical judgments when interacting with a culture different from their own. Second,
cultural relativism is a methodological strategy that allows the
anthropologist to pay specific attention to the uniqueness of a culture.
Third, the strongest meaning of cultural relativism stands in stark
opposition to cultural universals. We can call this "epistemological
cultural relativism," because the anthropologist takes the position
that cultures are unique and therefore knowledge about different cultures
is almost inherently not comparable (Nowak & Laird, 2010).
Anthropologists should not have personal opinions or make
judgments.











5. The
type of anthropology that provides assistance for the community being
studied is: (Points : 1)

physical anthropology.

historic anthropology.

action anthropology.

linguistic anthropology.







6. Interviewing
traditional healers and recording their thoughts and feelings as they
pertain to illness is an example of gathering quantitative data. (Points :
1)

True

False







7. The
changing American belief from tanned skin being healthy to tanned skin
being related to skin cancer is an example of culture being: (Points : 1)

normative. (My answer) are
surrounded by ideal models of athletic prowess, celebrity status, body
images, career aspirations, and so forth. Some ideal values are motivating
and inspiring, while others cause serious dissonance when their
prescriptions are opposed to a person's own moral values. Ideal fashion
images can distort a person's body sense, leading to chronic psychological
problems (Nowak & Laird, 2010).

cumulative.

diffusive.

adaptive.







8. The
ethnographic present: (Points : 1)

provides a slice-through-time description.

is easier to describe than in the past tense.

makes the reader think the society is like that presently.

avoids having to discuss history.







9. Diffusion
means: (Points : 1)

cultural traits are expressions of our biology.

the environment is responsible for culture change.

cultures borrow ideas, material items, and concepts from
each other.

people are often unwilling to move to new locations.







10. Race
has no biological basis but is a cultural construct. (Points : 1)

True

False








 




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Works Cited
#1. Nowak, B., & Laird, P. (2010). What is Culture?:
Studying Culture. In CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY (p. Chap. 1.3). San Diego,
California: Bridgepoint Education Inc.
#4.
Nowak, B., & Laird, P. (2010). Cultural
Relativisim: Studying Culture. In CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY (p. Chap. 1.3).
San Diego, California: Bridgepoint Education Inc.


#7. Nowak, B., & Laird, P. (2010). Normative Standards: Ideal Versus Real . In CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY (p. Chap. 1.4). San
Diego, California: Bridgepoint Education Inc.

 

 



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