Acc202 Survey of Accounting: P15-18 Todhunter Publications established the following standard price

Acc202 Survey of Accounting

P15-18 Determining sales and variable cost volume variances
Todhunter Publications established the following standard price and costs for hardcover picture book that the company produces.
Standard price and variable:
Sales price $36.00
Materials 9.00
Labor 4.50
Overhead 6.30
General, selling, and administrative 7.20
Planned fixed costs:
Manufacturing $135,000
General, selling, and administrative 54,000
Todhunter planned to make and sell 30,000 copies of the book.

Required
a. Prepare the pro forma income statement that would appear in the master budget.
b. Prepare flexible budget income statements, assuming volumes of 29,000 and 31,000 units
c. Determine the sales and variable cost volume variances, assuming volume is actually 31,000 units.
d. Indicate whether the variance are favorable (F) or unfavorable (U)
e. Comment on how Todhunter could use the variances to evaluate performance.
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