311 B Law Final Notes (8)

A "common law system" is a judicial program that gives great precedential weight to common law,[2] so that reliable concepts used to identical information generate identical results.[3] The body of past common law holds most judges that create upcoming choices, just as any other law does, to ensure reliable treatment. In situations where the events don't agree on what the law is, a frequent law judge looks to past precedential choices of appropriate legal courts. If a identical argument has been settled in past times, the judge is usually limited to follow the thinking used in the prior choice (this concept is known as focus decisis). If, however, the judge discovers that the current argument is essentially unique from all past situations (called a "matter of first impression"), most judges have the power and responsibility to create law by creating precedent.[4] Thereafter, the new choice becomes precedent, and will combine upcoming legal courts.
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