BIO 291 Entire Course

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BIO/291

 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY II

 

The Latest Version A+ Study Guide

 

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BIO 291 Entire Course Link

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BIO 291 Week 1 WileyPLUS – PowerPhys
 

Complete the following PowerPhys Labs:

 

 

 

6 – Effects of Exercise on Cardiac Output
 

 

Click on the Exercise tab to access WileyPLUS. 

Submit completed lab reports as a PDF to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 1 WileyPLUS Worksheets
 

Resources: Use WileyPLUS and the Tortora, Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 14e with Allen A&P Lab Manual, 5e.

Complete the following exercises and animations that correspond with this week’s readings.

Click on the Exercise tab to access WileyPLUS.

 

 

 

Ch. 19 

 

 

 

Go to Ch. 19: The Cardiovascular System: The Blood.
 

 

Read 19.1 Functions and Properties of Blood, and 19.8 Blood Groups and Blood Types.
 

 

View Animation: Erythropoietin.
 

 

Complete and submit Animation Worksheet: Erythropoietin.
 

 

 
 

 

Ch. 20 

 

 

 

Go to Ch. 20: The Cardiovascular System: The Heart.
 

 

Read 20.1 Anatomy of the Heart, 20.2 Heart Valves and Circulation of Blood and 20.4 The Cardiac Cycle
 

 

View Animation Cardiac Conduction, Cardiac Cycle and Cardiac Cycle and ECG.
 

 

Complete and submit Animation Worksheets: Cardiac Conduction, Cardiac Cycle, and Cardiac Output.
 

 

 
 

 

Submit completed worksheets to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 1 WileyPLUS Quiz
 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 1

Which venous structure does not empty blood into the right atrium?

 

Coronary sinus

 

Inferior vena cava

 

Superior vena cava

 

Pulmonary vein

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 2

 

 

How many flaps are found on the atrioventricular valve that is located between the right atrium and right ventricle?

 

2

 

3

 

4

 

5

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 3

 

 

What valve is located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary trunk?

 

Aortic semilunar valve

 

Bicuspid valve

 

Pulmonary semilunar valve

 

Tricuspid valve

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 4
 

What structure carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium?

 

Aorta

 

Pulmonary arteries

 

Pulmonary veins

 

Superior vena cava

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 5

 

 

What is the correct name for the heart valve that separates the left atrium from the left ventricle?

 

Aortic semilunar valve

 

Bicuspid or mitral valve

 

Tricuspid valve

 

Pulmonary semilunar valve

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 6

 

 

What chamber of the heart has the thickest wall?

 

Left atrium

 

Left ventricle

 

Right atrium

 

Right ventricle

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 7

 

 

What is the name of the innermost layer of the heart?

 

Endocardium

 

Myocardium

 

Epicardium

 

Pericardium

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 8

 

 

From which structure does the electric activity in the heart arise?

 

Atrioventricular (AV) node

 

Atrioventricular (AV) Bundle of His

 

Purkinje fibers

 

Sinoatrial (SA) node

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 9

 

 

What ion enters the contractile cells during the plateau phase?

 

Calcium

 

Potassium

 

Sodium

 

Zinc

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 10
 

What term is used to describe the maximum amount of blood that can be contained in the ventricles?

 

End-diastolic volume

 

End-systolic volume

 

Isovolumetric volume

 

Stroke volume

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 11

 

 

Which of the following does not occur during ventricular systole?

 

Stimulated by action potential from the Purkinje fibers

 

Isovolumetric contraction occurs and AV valves open

 

Ventricular pressure rises and forces semilunar valves open

 

Volume of blood that remains in the ventricles is called the end-systolic volume (ESV)

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 12

 

 

What portion of the conduction system can be found in the walls of the ventricles?

 

AV Bundle of His

 

Atrioventricular (AV) node

 

Purkinje fibers

 

Sinoatrial (SA) node

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 13
 

What molecule must be bound to hemoglobin in order for oxygen to bind?

 

Heme

 

Transferrin

 

Iron

 

Biliverdin

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 14

 

 

Neutrophils and basophils are formed from which of the following?

 

Lymphoid stem cells

 

Myeloid stem cells

 

Megakaryocytes

 

Platelets

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 15

 

 

All of the following can be classified as granulocytes except:

 

Basophils

 

Lymphocytes

 

Neutrophils

 

Eosinophils

 

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 2 WileyPLUS – PowerPhys
 

Complete the following PowerPhys Lab:

 

 

 

7 Effects of Exercise on Arterial Pressure and Vascular Resistance
 

 

Click on the Exercise tab to access WileyPLUS.

Submit completed lab reports as a PDF to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

 

 
 

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 2 WileyPLUS Worksheets
 

Resources: Use WileyPLUS and the Tortora, Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 14e with Allen A&P Lab Manual, 5e.

Complete the following exercises and animations that correspond with this week’s readings.

Click on the Worksheet tab to access WileyPLUS.

 

 

 

Ch. 21 

 

 

 

Go to Ch. 21: The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels and Hemodynamics.
 

 

Read 21.1 Structure and Function of Blood Vessels, 21.2 Capillary Exchange, 21.3 Hemodynamics: Factors Affecting Blood Flow, and 21.4 Control of Blood Pressure and Blood Flow
 

 

View Animation: Capillary Exchange, Animation: Vascular Regulation, and Animation: Negative Feedback Control of Blood Pressure.
 

 

Complete and submit Animation Worksheets for each animation viewed.
 

 

 
 

 

Submit completed worksheets to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 2 WileyPLUS Quiz
 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 1

The three layers of both arteries and veins are:

 

Tunica intima, tunica media, and tunica adventitia

 

Pia mater, arachnoid mater, and dura mater

 

Tunica media, tunica adventitia, and tunica externa

 

Tunica externa, tunica interna, tunica adventitia

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 2
 

 

 

Internal and external elastic laminae are found in:

 

Arteries

 

Capillaries

 

Veins

 

Venules

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 3
 

 

 

Valves are found in which of the following?

 

Arteries

 

Arterioles

 

Capillaries

 

Veins

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 4
 

 

 

When the diameter of the vascular lumen decreases in size, it is called:

 

Vasodilation

 

Vasoconstriction

 

Vasoelongation

 

Vasoamplify

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 5
 

 

 

When the diameter of the vascular lumen increases in size, it is called:

 

Vasodilation

 

Vasoconstriction

 

Vasoelongation

 

Vasoamplify

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 6
 

 

 

Which layer is only found in capillaries?

 

Tunica externa

 

Tunica media

 

Tunica interna

 

Tunica adventitia

 

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 7

Which of the following vessels would have the highest blood pressure?

 

Elastic arteries

 

Arterioles

 

Venules

 

Large veins

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 8
 

 

 

Fenestrated capillaries:

 

Consist of a continuous endothelium and continuous basement membrane

 

Contain small pores in the endothelium

 

Contain large discontinuous pores in the endothelium and basement membrane

 

Do not exist

 

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 9

In which of the following would blood pressure be the lowest?

 

Elastic arteries

 

Arterioles

 

Capillaries

 

Vena cava

 

 

窗体顶端

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 10

Which of the following statements correctly describes a capillary bed?

 

Blood pressure is lower at the arterial end than the venous end of the capillary bed

 

Reabsorption occurs at the arterial end and filtration occurs at the venous end

 

High blood pressure and filtration both occur at the venous end of the capillary bed

 

High blood pressure and filtration both occur at the arterial end of the capillary bed

窗体底端

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 11

Which of the following would occur if the pre-capillary sphincters in the metarterioles were to all undergo vasoconstriction at the same time?

 

Blood pressure would dramatically increase

 

Heart rate and respiration would increase

 

Blood pressure would dramatically decrease

 

Blood volume would increase

 

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 12

Approximately what percent of interstitial fluid is not reabsorbed at the venous end of the capillary bed?

 

5-10%

 

10-15%

 

20-25%

 

30-35%

 

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 13

What is the name of the structure that connects the arteriole and venule sides of a capillary bed?

 

Arteriole

 

Metarteriole

 

Precapillary sphincter

 

Venule

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 14
 

 

 

What venous structure collects blood from the upper extremity and head?

 

Inferior vena cava

 

Ligamentum arteriosum

 

Superior vena cava

 

Vaso vasorum

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 15
 

 

 

Which of the following would cause vasodilation?

 

Decreased sympathetic stimulation

 

Increased sympathetic stimulation

 

Decreased parasympathetic stimulation

 

Increased parasympathetic stimulation

 

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 3 WileyPLUS Worksheets
 

Resources: Use WileyPLUS and the Tortora, Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 14e with Allen A&P Lab Manual, 5e.

Complete the following exercises and animations that correspond with this week’s readings.

Click on the Worksheet tab to access WileyPLUS.

 

 

 

Ch. 22 

 

 

 

Go to Ch. 22: The Lymphatic System and Immunity
 

 

Read 22.1 Lymphatic System Structure and Function, 22.2 Development of Lymphatic Tissues, 22.3 Innate Immunity and 22.4 Adaptive Immunity.
 

 

View Animation Introduction to Disease Resistance and Lymph Formation and Flow.
 

 

Complete and submit Animation Worksheets for each animation viewed.
 

 

 
 

 

Submit completed worksheets to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 3 WileyPLUS Quiz
 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 1

 

 

All of the following are correct functions of the lymphatic system except:

 

Fat/lipid transport

 

Fluid recovery

 

Immunity

 

Protein/carbohydrate transport

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 2

 

 

Which of the following is not found in lymph?

 

Interstitial fluid

 

Lymphocytes

 

Macrophages

 

Erythrocytes

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 3

 

 

Lymphatic fluid from the left popliteal fossa would empty back into circulation through what vessel?

 

Azygous vein

 

Right lymphatic duct

 

Superior vena cava

 

Thoracic duct

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 4

 

 

Lymphatic fluid from the right cubital fossa would empty back into circulation through what vessel?

 

Azygous vein

 

Right lymphatic duct

 

Superior vena cava

 

Thoracic duct

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 5

 

 

What is the name given to the structure that transports lymphatic fluid away from a lymph node?

 

Afferent lymphatic capillary

 

Efferent lymphatic capillary

 

Continuous capillary

 

Aorta

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 6

 

 

What is the name lymphatic vessel that delivers the majority of lymphatic fluid back into circulation?

 

Cisternae chyli

 

Left lymphatic duct

 

Right lymphatic duct

 

Thoracic duct

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 7

What non-specific defense increases resistance of cells to viral infection?

 

Antibodies

 

Complement system

 

Fever

 

Interferons

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 8

With regards to cell destruction and death, which of the following would form a membrane attack complex causing cytolysis?

 

Antibodies

 

Complement system

 

Fever

 

Interferons

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 9

 

 

Which of the following uses perforin proteins to create a hole in the enemy cell membrane?

 

Antibodies

 

B-Cells

 

Interferons

 

NK-Cells

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 10

 

 

What term is used to describe the return of body temperature to a normal reading following a fever?

 

Defervescence

 

Onset

 

Pyrogens

 

Stadium

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 11

 

 

What is the name of the protein that is released from Natural Killer (NK) cells that causes apoptosis (cell death)?

 

Antigens

 

Granzymes

 

Membrane attack complex

 

Percussins

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 12

 

 

What term correctly describes any molecule that can trigger an immune response?

 

Antibody

 

Antigen

 

Mast cell

 

Non-specific immunity

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 13

 

 

What is the name given to the type of immunity that you are born with?

 

Acquired immunity

 

Derived immunity

 

Innate immunity

 

Non-specific immunity

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 14

 

 

What is the name given to the type of immunity that is acquired following exposure to a specific antigens?

 

Acquired immunity

 

Derived immunity

 

Innate immunity

 

Non-specific immunity

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 15

 

 

Which of the following is not a correct tonsil?

 

Lingual tonsil

 

Parotid tonsil

 

Pharyngeal tonsil

 

Palatine tonsil

 

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 4 WileyPLUS – PowerPhys
 

Complete the following PowerPhys Labs:

 

 

 

8 – Respiratory Volumes
 

 

9 – Regulation of Pulmonary Ventilation
 

 

Click on the Exercise tab to access WileyPLUS.

Submit completed lab reports as a PDF to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

 

 
 

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 4 Week 4 WileyPLUS Worksheets
 

Resources: Use WileyPLUS and the Tortora, Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 14e with Allen A&P Lab Manual, 5e.

Complete the following exercises and animations that correspond with this week’s readings.

Click on the Worksheet tab to access WileyPLUS.

 

 

 

Ch. 23 

 

 

 

Go to Ch. 23: The Respiratory System
 

 

Read 23.1 Respiratory System, 23.2 Pulmonary Ventilation, 23.3 Lung Volumes and Capacities, 23.4 Exchange of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide and Transport of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide.
 

 

View Animations Gas Exchange, Gas Transport, and Pulmonary Ventilation.
 

 

Complete and submit Animation Worksheets for each animation viewed.
 

 

 
 

 

Submit completed worksheets to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

 

 
 

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 4 WileyPLUS Quiz
 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 1

Gas exchange between the alveoli and blood is called?

 

Environmental respiration

 

External/pulmonary respiration

 

Internal/ tissue respiration

 

Diffusion of gases

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 2
 

 

 

The vocal cords are found in which of the following structures?

 

Larynx

 

Nose

 

Oropharynx

 

Trachea

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 3
 

 

 

Which of the following structures prevents food from entering the trachea during swallowing?

 

Pharynx

 

Epiglottis

 

Larynx

 

Tonsils

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 4
 

 

 

The incomplete sections of the tracheal rings allow the esophagus to:

 

Expand into the trachea when swallowing a food bolus

 

Compress the trachea during vomiting

 

Close over the trachea, keeping food from entering the lungs

 

There are no incomplete sections of the tracheal rings

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 5
 

 

 

Because the right primary bronchus is slightly wider and has a steeper downward angle than the left:

 

Respiratory infections are more frequent on the right side

 

Alveoli in the right lung are larger

 

Foreign bodies frequently lodge on the right side

 

Foreign bodies more frequently lodge on the left side

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 6
 

 

 

What structure is responsible for ?sweeping? mucus in the respiratory tract towards the pharynx/mouth?

 

Cilia

 

Goblet cells

 

Microvilli

 

Surfactant

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 7
 

 

 

The grape-like sacs in the lungs where the majority of gas exchange occurs are called:

 

Bronchi

 

Bronchioles

 

Alveoli

 

Capillaries

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 9
 

 

 

What muscle functions mainly during forced expiration?

 

External intercostals

 

Internal intercostals

 

Scalenes

 

Sternocleidomastoid

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 10
 

 

 

What is the correct term used to describe the ease at which lungs can expand?

 

Atelectasis

 

Compliance

 

Edema

 

Surface tension

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 11
 

 

 

What Gas Law states that the total atmospheric pressure is the sum of the contributions of the individual gases?

 

Boyle’s Law

 

Charles’ Law

 

Dalton’s Law

 

Henry’s Law

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 12
 

 

 

The partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood is approximately:

 

40 mm Hg

 

45 mm Hg

 

50 mm Hg

 

95 -100 mm Hg

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 13

The partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood is approximately:

 

40 mm Hg

 

45 mm Hg

 

50 mm Hg

 

100 mm Hg

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 14
 

 

 

What enzyme is needed to convert water and carbon dioxide into carbonic acid?

 

Carbonic anhydrase

 

Carbamino anhydrase

 

Bicarbonate anydrase

 

Chloride anhydrase

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 15
 

 

 

During systemic gas exchange what ion is formed from the breakdown of H2CO3 and is utilized by the circulatory system as a buffer?

 

HCO3-

 

H2O

 

H+

 

CO2

 

 

 
 

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 5 WileyPLUS – PowerPhys
 

Complete the following PowerPhys Lab.

 

 

 

14 – Effect of Dietary Fiber on Transit Time and Bile
 

 

Click on the Exercise tab to access WileyPLUS.

Submit completed lab reports as a PDF to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

 

 
 

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 5 WileyPLUS Worksheets
 

Resources: Use WileyPLUS and the Tortora, Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 14e with Allen A&P Lab Manual, 5e.

Complete the following exercises and animations that correspond with this Week’s readings.

Click on the Worksheet tab to access WileyPLUS.

 

 

 

Ch. 24 

 

 

 

Go to Ch. 24: The Digestive System.
 

 

Read 24.1 Overview of the Digestive System, 24.2 Layers of the GI Tract, 24.3 Neural Innervation of the GI Tract and 24.4 Peritoneum.
 

 

View Animation Introduction to Chemical Digestion and Mechanical Digestion in the Gastrointestinal Tract.
 

 

Complete and submit Animation Worksheets for each animation viewed.
 

 

 
 

 

Submit completed worksheets to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

 

 
 

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 5 WileyPLUS Quiz
 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 1

Lingual lipase, which is present in saliva, begins chemical digestion of what macromolecule?

 

Carbohydrates

 

Fats/lipids

 

Nucleic acids

 

Proteins

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 2
 

Which of the following is not a correct salivary gland?

 

Lingual

 

Parotid

 

Sublingual

 

Submandibular

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 3

 

 

Which of the following statements regarding saliva is incorrect?

 

Produced by three glands – parotid, submandibular and sublingual

 

Begins protein and fat/lipid chemical digestion in the mouth

 

Contains a lysozyme that kills bacteria

 

Acts as a buffer for food contents due to high amounts of bicarbonate

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 4
 

Which of the following structures is essential in controlling glandular secretion along the length of the digestive tract?

 

Pyloric Sphincter

 

Myenteric Plexus

 

Goblet Cells

 

Submucosal Plexus

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 5

 

 

Which of the following structures is essential in controlling the contraction of the muscularis (externa) along the length of the digestive tract?

 

Pyloric Sphincter

 

Myenteric Plexus

 

Goblet Cells

 

Submucosal Plexus

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 6

 

 

What epithelial type can be found lining the stomach through the rectum?

 

Simple columnar

 

Stratified columnar

 

Stratified squamous

 

Transitional

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 7

 

 

Which of the following is not a correct component of the digestive system mucosa?

 

Simple columnar epithelium

 

Lamina propria

 

Muscularis (externa)

 

Muscularis mucosae

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 8
 

The parietal cells in the stomach are responsible for secreting which of the following?

 

Gastric amylase

 

Gastrin

 

Intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid

 

Pepsinogen

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 9

 

 

What molecule is needed to activate pepsinogen?

 

Gastric amylase

 

Gastrin

 

Hydrochloric acid(HCl)

 

Pepsinogen

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 10

 

 

Intrinsic factor is needed in order to absorb which of the following?

 

Vitamin A

 

Vitamin B12

 

Vitamin C

 

Vitamin D

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 11

 

 

What acid-resistant bacteria is the cause of most peptic ulcers?

 

Helicobacter pylori

 

Staphylococcus aureus

 

Escherichia coli

 

Staphylococcus pylori

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 12
 

Which of the following statements is incorrect regarding a villus?

 

Lamina propria contains a lacteal and capillary bed

 

Contractions speed up during digestion

 

Covered by simple squamous epithelium

 

Intestinal glands/Crypts of Lieberkuhn are found between the villi

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 13

 

 

Which of the following enzymes would not digest proteins?

 

Carboxypeptidase

 

Pancreatic lipase

 

Pepsin

 

Trypsin

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 14

 

 

Accumulation of which of the following in blood will result in jaundice?

 

Bile pigments

 

Cholesterol

 

Lipase

 

Urea

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 15

 

 

The lining of the large intestine/colon primarily absorbs which of the following substances?

 

Proteins/peptides

 

Carbohydrates/starches

 

Water, vitamins and minerals

 

Fats and lipids

 

 

 
 

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 6 WileyPLUS – PowerPhys
 

Complete the following PowerPhys Labs.

 

 

 

10 – Influence of Fluid Intake on Urine Formation
 

 

Click on the Exercise tab to access WileyPLUS.

Submit completed lab reports as a PDF to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

 

 
 

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 6 WileyPLUS Worksheets
 

Resources: Use WileyPLUS and the Tortora, Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 14e with Allen A&P Lab Manual, 5e

Complete the following exercises and animations that correspond with this week’s readings.

Click on the Worksheet tab to access WileyPLUS.

 

 

 

Ch. 26 

 

 

 

Go to Ch. 26: The Urinary System
 

 

Read 26.1 Overview of Kidney Function, 26.2 Anatomy and Histology of the Kidneys, 26.3 Overview of Renal Physiology, 26.4 Glomerular Filtration, 26.5 Tubular Reabsorption and Tubular Secretion and 26.8 Urine Transportation, Storage and Elimination.
 

 

View Animation Renal Filtration, Renal Reabsorption and Secretion, and Hormonal Control of Blood Volume and Pressure.
 

 

Complete and submit Animation Worksheets for each animation viewed.
 

 

 
 

 

Submit completed worksheets to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 6 WileyPLUS Quiz
 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 1

Which of the following is not a correct function of the urinary system?

 

Regulation of blood volume

 

Hormone production

 

Waste excretion

 

Maintenance of blood glucose levels

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 2
 

 

 

Which of the following substances is not produced in some manner by the kidneys?

 

Aldosterone

 

Calcitriol

 

Erythropoietin

 

Renin

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 3
 

 

 

The functional unit of the kidney is known as the:

 

Distal Convoluted Tubule

 

Nephron

 

Proximal Convoluted Tubule

 

Afferent Arteriole

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 4
 

 

 

What blood vessel separates the cortex from the medulla?

 

Arcuate artery

 

Cortical radiate artery

 

Efferent arteriole

 

Interlobar vein

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 5
 

 

 

What is the name of the high-pressure vessel that feeds the glomerular capillaries?

 

Afferent arterioles

 

Efferent arterioles

 

Renal tubules

 

Peritubular capillaries

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 6

What substance is highly permeable as it passes through the ascending limb of the loop of Henle?

 

Glucose

 

Sodium

 

Urea

 

Water

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 7
 

 

 

Which of the following would not be found within a renal corpuscle?

 

Bowman’s capsule

 

Bowman’s space

 

Glomerular capillaries

 

Loop of Henle/Renal loop

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 8
 

 

 

What type of nephron accounts for 15% of all nephrons and is responsible for producing concentrated urine?

 

Cortical nephron

 

Juxtamedullary nephron

 

Proximal nephron

 

Transitional nephron

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 9

Which of the following would not affect the glomerular filtration rate?

 

Contraction/relaxation of mesangial cells

 

Scarring of the endothelial lining in the glomerular capillaries

 

Alteration in blood pressure

 

Secretion of anti-diuretic hormone

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 10

ADH acts primarily on what cell type?

 

Intercalated cells

 

Juxtaglomerular cells

 

Podocytes

 

Principal cells

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 11
 

 

 

What effect does aldosterone have on the principal cells with regard to potassium?

 

Stimulates potassium secretion

 

Decreases potassium secretion

 

No effect on potassium secretion

 

Stops potassium secretion

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 12
 

 

 

Which of the following is not a nitrogenous waste?

 

Carbohydrates

 

Creatinine

 

Urea

 

Uric acid

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 13
 

 

 

Which of the following is an abnormal characteristic of urine?

 

pH between 4.5 and 8.2

 

Osmolarity between 50-1,200 mOsm/L

 

Presence of urea

 

Hematuria

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 14
 

 

 

What structure in the kidney is responsible for monitoring blood pressure?

 

Proximal convoluted tubule

 

Juxtaglomerular apparatus

 

Nephron

 

Glomerular capsule

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 15
 

 

 

What is the name of the muscle that is found in the urinary bladder?

 

Detrusor muscle

 

Muscularis externa

 

Muscularis mucosae

 

Urethral muscle

 

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 7 WileyPLUS Worksheets
 

Resources: Use WileyPLUS and the Tortora, Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 14e with Allen A&P Lab Manual, 5e.

Complete the following exercises and animations that correspond with this week’s readings.

Click on the Worksheet tab to access WileyPLUS.

 

 

 

Ch. 28 

 

 

 

Go to Ch. 28: The Reproductive System.
 

 

Read 28.1 Male Reproductive System, 28.2 Female Reproductive System, 28.3 The Female. Reproductive Cycle and 28.5 Development of the Reproductive Systems.
 

 

View Animation Gametogenesis, Hormonal Control of Male Reproductive Function, and Hormonal Control of Female Reproductive System.
 

 

Complete and submit Animation Worksheets for each animation viewed.
 

 

 
 

 

Submit completed worksheets to the faculty member.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

 

 
 

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 7 WileyPLUS Quiz
 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 1

The gene that codes for the testis-determining factor (TDF) is found on which of the following?

 

The X chromosome

 

Gonadal ridges

 

The fetal testes

 

The Y chromosome

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 2
 

 

 

What structure develops into the male reproductive system?

 

Mesonephric ducts

 

SRY gene

 

Paramesonephric ducts

 

Mullerian- inhibiting ducts

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 3
 

 

 

What is the name of the substance that is secreted by the testes that causes degeneration of the paramesonephric ducts?

 

Testosterone

 

Mullerian-inhibiting factor

 

Mesonephric factor

 

Androgen-inhibiting factor

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 4
 

 

 

In males, what structure does the undifferentiated gonad form?

 

Ductus deferens

 

Urethra

 

Testes

 

Urinary bladder

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 5
 

 

 

What structure develops into the female reproductive system?

 

Mesonephric ducts

 

SRY gene

 

Paramesonephric ducts

 

Mullerian- inhibiting ducts

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 6
 

 

 

In females, what structure does the paramesonephric duct form?

 

Ovary

 

Urinary bladder

 

Uterine tube

 

Urethra

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 7
 

 

 

What is the name of the muscle in the spermatic cord that helps raise and lower the placement of the testicle in response to temperature?

 

Cremaster muscle

 

Darto’s muscle

 

Inguinal muscle

 

Spermatic muscle

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 8
 

 

 

The union of the vas deferens and the seminal vesicle creates which of the following?

 

Corpus cavernosum

 

Efferent ductules

 

Ejaculatory duct

 

Membranous urethra

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 9
 

 

 

What uterine structure helps “sweep” the released oocyte into the uterine tube?

 

External os

 

Fornix

 

Fimbria

 

Germinal epithelium

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 10

What hormone is produced by the Interstitial cells (of Leydig) found in the testes?

 

Estrogen

 

Progesterone

 

Luteinizing hormone

 

Testosterone

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 11
 

 

 

Why would an enlarged prostate interfere with urination?

 

It compresses the urethra

 

Develops calcified deposits that block the urethra

 

It inhibits urine production

 

Produces thicker prostatic secretions

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 12
 

 

 

What is the name of the ligament that lies overtop of the uterus and is actually composed of peritoneum?

 

Broad ligament

 

Ovarian ligament

 

Round ligament

 

Suspensory ligament

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 13
 

 

 

What layer of the uterus sloughs off each month during a female’s reproductive cycle?

 

Stratum functionalis

 

Stratum basalis

 

Stratum corneum

 

Theca externa

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 14
 

 

 

What hormone functions to help with ovarian follicle development?

 

FSH

 

Testosterone

 

Relaxin

 

Inhibin

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 15
 

 

 

What hormone spikes just prior to ovulation?

 

FSH

 

LH

 

Progesterone

 

Prolactin

 

 

 
 

 

BIO 291 Week 5 WileyPLUS Final Examination
 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 1
 

 

 

Which venous structure does not empty blood into the right atrium?

 

Coronary sinus

 

Inferior vena cava

 

Superior vena cava

 

Pulmonary vein

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 14
 

 

 

What enzyme is needed to convert water and carbon dioxide into carbonic acid?

 

Carbonic anhydrase

 

Carbamino anhydrase

 

Bicarbonate anydrase

 

Chloride anhydrase

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 6
 

 

 

What chamber of the heart has the thickest wall?

 

Left atrium

 

Left ventricle

 

Right atrium

 

Right ventricle

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 13
 

 

 

What molecule must be bound to hemoglobin in order for oxygen to bind?

 

Heme

 

Transferrin

 

Iron

 

Biliverdin

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 7
 

 

 

What is the name of the muscle in the spermatic cord that helps raise and lower the placement of the testicle in response to temperature?

 

Cremaster muscle

 

Darto’s muscle

 

Inguinal muscle

 

Spermatic muscle

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 1
 

 

 

The three layers of both arteries and veins are:

 

Tunica intima, tunica media, and tunica adventitia

 

Pia mater, arachnoid mater, and dura mater

 

Tunica media, tunica adventitia, and tunica externa

 

Tunica externa, tunica interna, tunica adventitia

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 15
 

 

 

All of the following can be classified as granulocytes except:

 

Basophils

 

Lymphocytes

 

Neutrophils

 

Eosinophils

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 6
 

 

 

Which layer is only found in capillaries?

 

Tunica externa

 

Tunica media

 

Tunica interna

 

Tunica adventitia

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 8
 

 

 

The parietal cells in the stomach are responsible for secreting which of the following?

 

Gastric amylase

 

Gastrin

 

Intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid

 

Pepsinogen

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 1
 

 

 

All of the following are correct functions of the lymphatic system except:

 

Fat/lipid transport

 

Fluid recovery

 

Immunity

 

Protein/carbohydrate transport

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 2
 

 

 

Which of the following is not found in lymph?

 

Interstitial fluid

 

Lymphocytes

 

Macrophages

 

Erythrocytes

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 12
 

 

 

What term correctly describes any molecule that can trigger an immune response?

 

Antibody

 

Antigen

 

Mast cell

 

Non-specific immunity

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 14
 

 

 

What is the name given to the type of immunity that is acquired following exposure to a specific antigens?

 

Acquired immunity

 

Derived immunity

 

Innate immunity

 

Non-specific immunity

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 1
 

 

 

Gas exchange between the alveoli and blood is called?

 

Environmental respiration

 

External/pulmonary respiration

 

Internal/ tissue respiration

 

Diffusion of gases

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 14
 

 

 

What venous structure collects blood from the upper extremity and head?

 

Inferior vena cava

 

Ligamentum arteriosum

 

Superior vena cava

 

Vaso vasorum

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 1 Question 8
 

 

 

From which structure does the electric activity in the heart arise?

 

Atrioventricular (AV) node

 

Atrioventricular (AV) Bundle of His

 

Purkinje fibers

 

Sinoatrial (SA) node

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 2
 

 

 

The vocal cords are found in which of the following structures?

 

Larynx

 

Nose

 

Oropharynx

 

Trachea

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 1
 

 

 

Lingual lipase, which is present in saliva, begins chemical digestion of what macromolecule?

 

Carbohydrates

 

Fats/lipids

 

Nucleic acids

 

Proteins

 

 

BIO/291 Week 3 Question 7
 

 

 

What non-specific defense increases resistance of cells to viral infection?

 

Antibodies

 

Complement system

 

Fever

 

Interferons

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 10
 

 

 

Intrinsic factor is needed in order to absorb which of the following?

 

Vitamin A

 

Vitamin B12

 

Vitamin C

 

Vitamin D

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 15
 

 

 

The lining of the large intestine/colon primarily absorbs which of the following substances?

 

Proteins/peptides

 

Carbohydrates/starches

 

Water, vitamins and minerals

 

Fats and lipids

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 1
 

 

 

Which of the following is not a correct function of the urinary system?

 

Regulation of blood volume

 

Hormone production

 

Waste excretion

 

Maintenance of blood glucose levels

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 5 Question 4
 

 

 

Which of the following structures is essential in controlling glandular secretion along the length of the digestive tract?

 

Pyloric Sphincter

 

Myenteric Plexus

 

Goblet Cells

 

Submucosal Plexus

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 5
 

 

 

What is the name of the high-pressure vessel that feeds the glomerular capillaries?

 

Afferent arterioles

 

Efferent arterioles

 

Renal tubules

 

Peritubular capillaries

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 8
 

 

 

What is the name of the substance that is produced by Type II cells in the lungs that reduces surface tension and allows for the elasticity in the alveoli?

 

Surfactant

 

Bile

 

Thymosin

 

Lung fluid

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 10
 

 

 

ADH acts primarily on what cell type?

 

Intercalated cells

 

Juxtaglomerular cells

 

Podocytes

 

Principal cells

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 9
 

 

 

In which of the following would blood pressure be the lowest?

 

Elastic arteries

 

Arterioles

 

Capillaries

 

Vena cava

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 13
 

 

 

Which of the following is an abnormal characteristic of urine?

 

pH between 4.5 and 8.2

 

Osmolarity between 50-1,200 mOsm/L

 

Presence of urea

 

Hematuria

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 6 Question 15
 

 

 

What is the name of the muscle that is found in the urinary bladder?

 

Detrusor muscle

 

Muscularis externa

 

Muscularis mucosae

 

Urethral muscle

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 1
 

 

 

The gene that codes for the testis-determining factor (TDF) is found on which of the following?

 

The X chromosome

 

Gonadal ridges

 

The fetal testes

 

The Y chromosome

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 9
 

 

 

What uterine structure helps “sweep” the released oocyte into the uterine tube?

 

External os

 

Fornix

 

Fimbria

 

Germinal epithelium

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 2 Question 11
 

 

 

Which of the following would occur if the pre-capillary sphincters in the metarterioles were to all undergo vasoconstriction at the same time?

 

Blood pressure would dramatically increase

 

Heart rate and respiration would increase

 

Blood pressure would dramatically decrease

 

Blood volume would increase

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 13
 

 

 

What layer of the uterus sloughs off each month during a female’s reproductive cycle?

 

Stratum functionalis

 

Stratum basalis

 

Stratum corneum

 

Theca externa

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 7 Question 15
 

 

 

What hormone spikes just prior to ovulation?

 

FSH

 

LH

 

Progesterone

 

Prolactin

 

 

 

BIO/291 Week 4 Question 7
 

 

 

The grape-like sacs in the lungs where the majority of gas exchange occurs are called:

 

Bronchi

 

Bronchioles

 

Alveoli

 

Capillaries
 
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