Managerial Accounting: P9-11 Pearl Products Limited of Shenzhen China

Managerial Accounting
P9-11 Production and Direct Materials Budgets
Pearl Products Limited of Shenzhen China, manufactures and distributes toys throughout South East Asia.
Three cubic centimeters (cc) of solvent H300 are required to manufacture each unit of Supermix, one of the company's products. The company is now planning raw materials needs for the third quarter, the quarter in which peak sales of Supermix occur. To keep production and sales moving smoothly, the company has the following inventory requirements:
a. The finished goods inventory on hand at the end of each month must be equal to 4,000 units of Supermix plus 20% of the next month's sales. The finished goods inventory on June 30 is budgeted to be 14,200 units.
b. The raw materials inventory on hand at the end of each month must be equal to one-half of the following month's production needs for raw materials. The raw materials inventory on June 30 is budgeted to be 70,000 cc of solvent H300.
c. The company maintains no work in process inventories.

A sales budget for Supermix for the last six months of the year follows.
Budgeted Sales in Units
  July 51,000
  August 56,000
  September 66,000
  October 46,000
  November 36,000
  December 26,000

Required:
1. Prepare a production budget for Supermix for the months of July, August, September and October.
2. Examine the production budget that you prepare in (1) above. Why will the company produce more units that it sells in July and August, and fewer units than it sells in September and October?
3. Prepare a direct materials budget showing the quantity of solvent H300 to be purchased for July, August, and September, and for the quarter in total.
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