PHL 320 Week 3 Rhetorical Strategies and Fallacies Worksheet

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PHL 320 Week 3 Rhetorical Strategies and Fallacies Worksheet

 

The following are some common rhetorical
strategies:

 


  • Innuendo:
    a leading suggestion




  • Stereotype:
    generalized statements relating to a group of people

  • Loaded
    questions: questions based on unjustified assumptions

  • Hyperbole: an extreme exaggeration



 

Identify the rhetorical strategy in each
of the following statements.

 

1.       I
did not say the meat was tough. I said I did not see the horse that is usually
outside (W. C. Fields). 
_________________

 

2.       Have
you stopped beating your wife? _____________

 

3.       The
Maserati is the best car in the world! _________________

 

4.       All
men love football; all women love the ballet. ______________ 

 

The following are some common rhetorical
fallacies:

 


  • Slippery
    slope: If A happens, then B–Z will follow. Therefore, to prevent B–Z from
    happening, do not allow A to occur.

  • Hasty
    generalization: rushing to form a conclusion based on assumptions; not
    based on clear evidence

  • Post
    hoc ergo propter hoc: If A occurs after B, then B caused A.

  • Either/or:
    looking at a situation from only two sides, or oversimplifying the
    situation

  • Ad
    hominem: attacking the person rather than attacking the argument

  • Red
    herring or smoke screen: introducing an unrelated topic as a diversionary
    tactic



 

Identify the rhetorical fallacy in each
of the following statements.

 

1.      
We can either stop using plastic, or
destroy the Earth  ______________

 

2.      
I ate tuna for lunch and now I do not
feel well, so the tuna made me ill. ___________

 

3.      
If you enjoy a social drink, it could
lead to you becoming an alcoholic, so you probably should never drink.
__________

 

4.      
Even though this is the first week of
class, I can tell this is going to be a very easy course. ______________

 

5.      
We know that smoking can affect your
health, but how else will tobacco farmers earn a living? ______________

 

6.      
As the candidate for mayor, he has some
good ideas, but we know that all politicians are dishonest.___________ 
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