Managerial Accounting: WCP23 Waterways Continuing Problem (Budgeting)

Managerial Accounting
WCP23:  Waterways Continuing Problem

Waterways Corporation is preparing its budget for the coming year, 2013. The first step is to plan for the first quarter of that coming year. Waterways gathered the following information from the managers.

Unit sales for November 2012 112,500
Unit sales for December 2012 102,100
Expected unit sales for January 2013 113,000
Expected unit sales for February 2013 112,500
Expected unit sales for March 2013 116,000
Expected unit sales for April 2013 125,000
Expected unit sales for May 2013 137,500
Unit selling price $12

Waterways likes to keep 10% of the next month’s unit sales in ending inventory. All sales are on account. 85% of the Accounts Receivable are collected in the month of sale, and 15% of the Accounts Receivable are collected in the month after sale. Accounts receivable on December 31, 2012, totaled $183,780.

Direct Materials
Item Amount Used per Unit Inventory, Dec. 31
Metal 1 lb @ 58¢ per lb. 5,177.5 lbs
Plastic 12 oz @ 6¢ per oz 3,883.125 lbs
Rubber 4 oz @ 5¢ per oz 1,294.375 lbs
2 lbs per unit 10,355.0 lbs
Metal, plastic, and rubber together are 75¢ per pound per unit.

Waterways likes to keep 5% of the materials needed for the next month in its ending inventory. Payment for materials is made within 15 days. 50% is paid in the month of purchase, and 50% is paid in the month after purchase. Accounts Payable on December 31, 2011, totaled $120,595. Raw Materials on December 31, 2012, totaled 11,295 pounds.

Direct Labor
Labor requires 12 minutes per unit for completion and is paid at a rate of $8 per hour.
Manufacturing Overhead
Indirect materials 30¢ per labor hour
Indirect labor 50¢ per labor hour
Utilities 45¢ per labor hour
Maintenance 25¢ per labor hour
Salaries $42,000 per month
Depreciation $16,800 per month
Property taxes $ 2,675 per month
Insurance $ 1,200 per month
Janitorial $ 1,300 per month

Selling and Administrative
Variable selling and administrative cost per unit is $1.60.
Advertising $15,000 a month
Insurance $ 1,400 a month
Salaries $72,000 a month
Depreciation $ 2,500 a month
Other fixed costs $ 3,000 a month

Other Information
The Cash balance on December 31, 2012, totaled $100,500, but management has decided it would like to maintain a cash balance of at least $800,000 beginning on January 31, 2013. Dividends are paid each month at the rate of $2.50 per share for 5,000 shares outstanding. The company has an open line of credit with Romney’s Bank. The terms of the agreement requires borrowing to be in $1,000 increments at 8% interest. Waterways borrows on the first day of the month and repays on the last day of the month. A $500,000 equipment purchase is planned for February.

For the first quarter of 2013, do the following.
(a) Prepare a sales budget.
(b) Prepare a production budget.
(c) Prepare a direct materials budget. (Round to nearest dollar)
(d) Prepare a direct labor budget. (For calculations, round to the nearest hour.)
(e) Prepare a manufacturing overhead budget. (Round amounts to the nearest dollar.)
(f) Prepare a selling and administrative budget.
(g) Prepare a schedule for expected cash collections from customers.
(h) Prepare a schedule for expected payments for materials purchases. (Round totals to nearest dollar)
(i) Prepare a cash budget.
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