. What institutions were created by Latin American colonial governments to maintain control over subjugated peoples? Discuss at least two: The institutions that were created by Latin colonial government at that time were: Encomienda system. The Encomienda was a right granted to the early conquistadors, a grant of the labor of a group of Indians to an individual Spaniard. It permitted the encomendero (holder of the encomienda) to compel groups of natives to work for him. From an Indian point of view, many groups had already been subject to a system of labor tribute under the Aztec or the Inca.