Project 1: Processes and Threads solution


You will do this project individually. You have to program in C and Linux.
You are required to use the following distribution of Linux: Ubuntu 16.04 – 64 bit.
Part A: Processes [35 points]
Objective: Practice process creation, developing multi-process applications, file I/O,
statistics.
In this part, you will develop a multi-process application that will generate a
value histogram for the values sitting in a set of input ascii text files, one value per
line. Values can be an integers or real numbers. The program will be called
phistogram and will take the following parameters:
phistogram minvalue maxvalue bincount N file1 … fileN outfile
Here, minvalue is the minimum value that exists in the given set of input files,
and maxvalue is the maximum value. bincount is the number of bins in the histogram.
Let w denote bin-width. Then w = (maxvalue - minvalue) / bincount. The first bin
will give the count of values in range [minvalue, minvalue+w); the second bin will
give the count of values in range [minvalue+w, minvalue+2w); and so on. N is the
number of input files. file1 … fileN are the names of these input files. outfile is the
output file.
Your program will create another child process for each input file to generate
a histogram for the values in that input file. Hence there will be N child processes
working concurrently on the N input files, and at the end, N histograms will be
generated into N intermediate files. The parent process will then combine these N
histograms into one histogram and will output this histogram to the output file. Each
output line will contain information about a separate bin in the following format:
binnumber: count. Binnumbers will start at 1.
Part B: Threads [35 points]
Objective: Practice developing multi-threaded applications.
In this part, you will develop the same application described in part A using
threads. For each input file, there will be a separate worker thread. Each worker
thread will generate the histogram of the corresponding input file values into a global
data structure in memory. Then the main thread will read those histograms from
these structures and will generate a single histogram and will print that out to the
output file. The program will be called thistogram.
Part C: Experiments [30 points]
Objective: Practice designing and conducting experiments and applying knowledge
and skills acquired in the Probability and Statistics course.
Do some timing experiments to answer the following questions.
2
a) What is the running time of your multi-process application for 1, 2, 4, 8
processes working together for the same input? What it the running time
of your multi-treaded application?
b) Consider a 2 process (or 2 thread) application. What is the running time
for various values of input size?
Submission
Put all your files into a project directory named with your ID, tar the directory
(using tar xvf), zip it (using gzip) and upload it to Moodle. For example, a student
with ID 20140013 will create a directory named 20140013, will put the files there, tar
and gzip the directory and upload the file. The uploaded file will be 20140013.tar.gz.
Include a README.txt file as part of your upload. It will have your name and ID at
least. Include also a Makefile to compile your programs. We want to type just make
and obtain the executables. Do not forget to put your report (PDF form) into your
project directory.
Additional Information and Clarifications
• Suggestion: work incrementally; step by step; implement something, test it, and
when you are sure it is working move on with the next thing.
• More clarifications, additional information and explanations that can be useful
for you may be put to the course website, just near this project PDF. Check it
regularly.
• You can use Piazza for questions and discussions.
• The objective in this project is not to see a speed-up by use of multiple processes
or threads. The objective is to practice use of multiple processes and threads.
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